This specification covers standards for high-strength, low-alloy, hot-rolled and cold-rolled steel sheets and strips cut in lengths or coils for structural and miscellaneous purposes. The material shall come in Types 2 and 4 steels having enhanced atmospheric corrosion resistance. The material shall follow specified carbon, manganese, and sulfur contents. Tension test shall be performed and material shall comply with tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation requirements. Edges and surface finish of the materials shall conform to specifications. Guidelines for retests are also given.
1.1 This specification covers high-strength, low-alloy, cold-rolled sheet and strip in cut lengths or coils, hot-rolled sheet and strip steel in cut lengths or coils with ordered thickness less than 0.230 in. [6.0 mm], and hot-rolled sheet coils (not cut lengths) with ordered thickness 0.230 in. [6.0 mm] and thicker, intended for use in structural and miscellaneous purposes, where savings in weight or added durability are important. These steels have enhanced atmospheric corrosion resistance and are supplied in three types or as commercial steel (CS). Type 2 contains 0.20 % minimum copper based on cast or heat analysis (0.18 % minimum Cu for product check). Type 4 and Type 5 contain additional alloying elements and provide a level of corrosion resistance substantially better than that of carbon steels with or without copper addition ( ). When properly exposed to the atmosphere, Type 4 and Type 5 steels can be used in the bare (unpainted) condition for many applications. CS is intended for applications that require enhanced atmospheric corrosion resistance which do not require a specified strength. CS shall contain the chemical requirements of Type 2, Type 4, or Type 5. CS as contained within this specification is not associated with the requirements of CS that are referenced in other Subcommittee A01.19 on Steel Sheet and Strip specifications.
Note 1: For methods of establishing the atmospheric corrosion resistance of low-alloy steels, see Guide .
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.3 Welding—In general, the steels listed in this specification are weldable with commonly obtained welding electrodes. When the steel is to be welded, a suitable welding procedure based on its composition should be used, taking into account intended use and service temperatures.
Note 2: For a general discussion of the weldability of steel and carbon equivalents, consult Appendix X3 of .
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.