ASTM Petroleum Commodity Fuels (PCF) Course - Brazil

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    About the Course

    The Petroleum Commodity Fuels course will cover valuable information applicable to chemists, engineers, energy traders, and operational personnel whose job responsibilities include the products of motor gasoline, diesel fuel, and marine fuels. This extensive five day course will not only benefit newcomers to these commodity fuels, but also experienced personnel who want to understand all their fundamentals. The instructors' vast experience with these commodity fuels allow them to educate attendees on key issues related to Brazilian ANP fuel specifications, fuel performance, additives, fuel storage, quality control, and distribution. Their active involvement with ASTM committees and experience with global fuel issues enrich the course content. With current trends towards environmentally friendly ultra-clean fuels, fuel specification testing procedures have attained a reasonable level of sophistication. The significance of such testing will be fully covered in this course.

    The course is taught in a lecture format with participation encouraged. In addition to the course materials that will be available in English or Brazilian Portuguese, you will also receive copies of the referenced ASTM standards in English or Brazilian Portuguese.

    Course Topics

    Motor Gasoline

    • Hydrocarbon chemistry, refinery processes, and fuel blending
    • ANP Gasoline specification RESOLUÇÃO ANP N° 40-2013
    • Gasoline engine, sulfur reduction, combustion (knocking & octane)
    • Volatility (distillation, vapor pressure, vapor liquid ratio)
    • Gasoline testing procedures, additives, oxygenates, emissions
    • Gasoline storage, fuel distribution, and quality control

    Diesel Fuel - Type A & Type B

    • Diesel Fuel Cleanliness
    • ANP Diesel specification RESOLUÇÃO ANP N° 2013 - detailed requirements and comparison to ASTM D975
    • Diesel fuel, sulfur, flash point, distillation, lubricity, etc.
    • Diesel fuel versus gasoline; diesel engine vs spark-ignition engine
    • Microbial contamination
    • Diesel fuel storage, distribution, quality control
    • Alternative diesel fuels: biodiesel (FAME), paraffinic diesel fuel, HVO, etc.

    Marine Fuels - IMO 2020 Impact

    • History of marine fuel and ISO 8217
    • ANP Marine Fuels specification RESOLUÇÃO ANP N° 52-2010
    • Virtual Lab tour, Fuel properties, quality handling, combustion, costs, claim resolution
    • Engine Reduction 0.5% sulfur: January 2020, Hybrid Low Sulfur Fuels
    • Marine fuel "bunker" sampling procedure
    • ASTM forensic methods for contamination identification and engine failure diagnostics
    • Precautions to minimize fuel contamination

    Learning Outcomes

    By the end of the class you will be able to understand and explain:

    • How fuel quality affects engine performance
    • How to interpret test data to determine if fuels meet required specifications and regulations
    • How to use octane blending equations and calculate volatility parameters
    • How quality is maintained throughout the distribution system
    • Alternative fuels, including ethanol mixtures in gasoline and biodiesel (FAME) in diesel fuel.
    • Current issues facing each class of fuel.
    • Reformulated gasoline, and the requirements mandated by the 1990 amendments to the Clean Air Act.
    • The history of International Marine fuel ISO 8217 specifications; The differences between Supplier Specification - RESOLUÇÃO ANP No. 52-2010 and Buyer Specification - ISO 8217: 2017
    • The Impact of IMO 2020 Regulation mandating 0.5% max sulfur
    • The methods available to comply with 2020, 0.5% sulfur regulation.
    • The industry "Bunker" sampling procedures to support quality testing and claim resolution.
    • The "Bunker" claim and dispute resolution and forensic test methods to identify possible fuel contaminants causing equipment damage.

    Who Should Attend

    • Fuels chemists
    • Petroleum engineers
    • Marine operations personnel
    • Refinery operations
    • Terminal and pipeline operations
    • Fuel tank storage personnel
    • Pipeline personnel
    • Laboratory personnel
    • Research chemists
    • Regulatory personnel
    • Petroleum commodity traders

    Course Description Course Lecture Hours: 8:30 am - 4:00 pm (each day)

    Hospitality Suite: Monday 25 March 2019: 7:00 pm - 9:00 pm

    *Simultaneous Brazilian Portuguese audio translation will be available

    *Course materials will be provided in Brazilian Portuguese or English, please select your preferred language during preregistration.

    The five-day Petroleum Commodity Fuels course will be presented describing the specifications and testing of motor gasoline, Type A & B diesel fuel, and marine fuels. Two days each will be devoted to motor gasoline and diesel fuel, with one day devoted to marine fuels. The presentations will discuss in detail the Standard Specifications for motor gasoline (RESOLUÇÃO ANP N° 40-2013), for diesel fuel (RESOLUÇÃO ANP N° 50-2013), and marine fuels (RESOLUÇÃO ANP N° 52-2010).


    Gasoline topics will include chemistry, combustion, octane and octane improvers, blending, volatility, distillation, driveability, vapor pressure and vapor liquid ratio, additives, oxygenates and gasoline specifications.

    Diesel fuels topics will include, cetane number, derived cetane number and cetane index, fuel grades and types, flash point, viscosity, sulfur, lubricity, detergency, cleanliness, microorganisms, cold flow performance, conductivity, and biodiesel.

    Marine fuels topics explain how the properties of marine fuels affect fuel handling, combustion, and cost. It provides a detailed understanding of fuel quality requirements, and why they are necessary for good handling and combustion performance. Class interaction will be stressed by using practical examples of applications of the course material to past and current problems.

    Days 1 and 2 - Gasoline

    • Combustion
    • Brazilian gasoline specification
    • Knocking, octane
    • Volatility, Distillation
    • Vapor pressure, Vapor liquid ratio
    • Driveability, Oxygenates, Sulfur, Oxidation stability, Gums, Engine deposits
    • Additives

    Night 1 - Hospitality Suite

    The hospitality suite for this course is presented by PAC Instruments and Pensalab.

    Food and drinks are available to the course attendees and distinguished guests.

    Days 3 and 4 - Diesel

    • Differences between Type A and Type B diesel fuels.
    • Brazilian diesel fuel specification
    • Cleanliness; Water and Sediment
    • Cetane number, derived cetane number, cetane index
    • Sulfur
    • Flash Point
    • Viscosity
    • Lubricity (HFRR)
    • Copper Strip Corrosion
    • Ramsbottom Carbon Residue
    • Low temperature operability: cloud point, Cold Filter Plugging Point (CFPP), Low Temperature Flow Test (LTFT)
    • Alternative fuels: biodiesel (FAME), paraffinic diesel, etc.

    Day 5 - Marine Fuels

    • Recall the history of marine fuel and International Fuel Specification; ISO 8217 Marine Fuel Specifications. With the benefit of an ASTM "Virtual Lab Tour," describe how properties of marine fuels affect fuel quality handling, combustion, cost, and claim resolution
    • Contrast Brazilian Marine Fuel Specification (RESOLUÇÃO ANP N° 52 - 2010) with International Marine Fuel Specification ISO 8217:2017
    • Define IMO 2020 0.5% sulfur mandate and methods to comply including practical use of Hybrid Low Sulfur Fuels
    • Describe Marine Fuel ("Bunker") sampling process
    • Review ASTM Forensic Test Methods used to Identify Marine Fuel contaminants and describe associated diesel engine problems
    • Precautions to decrease impact of fuel contamination

    Hotel Suggestions

    ASTM does not have room blocks or special rates at these hotels.

    About the Instructors

    Salvatore J. Rand is an ASTM Fellow and a consultant in motor and aviation fuel technology. He is vice-chairman of ASTM Committee D-2 on Petroleum Products and Lubricants, former chairman of Subcommittee 5 on Properties of Fuels, and secretary of the section on Color and Reactivity. He is retired from the Fuels Research Division of Texaco's R&D Department. Rand received his B.S. degree in chemistry from Fordham University and his Ph.D degree in physical chemistry from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

    Andy Pickard has worked in fuels and lubricants for more than 45 years. He has been a member of ASTM International for 35 years, participating in test method developments and product specification committees (diesel fuel and other middle distillate fuels, biodiesel, gasoline, ethanol, LPG, aviation fuels, and heavy fuel oils). Following academic training in chemistry with a doctorate in organometallic chemistry, he spent 10 years with Imperial Oil (Exxon Mobil in Canada) and 24 years with Petro-Canada. A good part of that time was spent working between refineries, distribution, marketers and customers on fuel issues. He is now a consultant on fuels and technology support, and continues to participate in both ASTM and CGSB (Canadian General Standards Board) fuel standard developments.

    David Forester has over 40 years' experience in the fuel and refining additive business and has over 35 US patents on development of diesel and jet fuel additives, refinery antifoulants, and other refinery and process related additives. He has designed, implemented and/or automated many fuel test methods, including many ASTM standards that have resulted in new additive products, reformulations, and improvements to diesel fuel additive products. He has been a member of ASTM Committee D02 for over 20 years and currently serves as Chairman of Subcommittee D02.14 Stability and Cleanliness of Liquid Fuels which has jurisdiction for 48 ASTM standards, test methods, practices and guides. Mr. Forester has authored or co-authored multiple SAE and IASH papers/presentations, and co-authored Chapter 11 "Methods for Assessing Stability and Cleanliness of Liquid Fuels" in Significance of Tests for Petroleum Products" 8th Edition published 2010 by ASTM. He is currently functioning as associate editor of fuels for the 2nd edition revision to "The Fuels and Lubricant Handbook" published by ASTM.

    How Learning is Assessed

    Learning will be assessed through a series of question and answer sessions.