Gasoline: Specifications, Testing, and Technology

    Price: $1,550.00

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    West Conshohocken, PA

    11/19/2019 - 11/21/2019

    ASTM Headquarters
    100 Barr Harbor Drive
    West Conshohocken, PA 19428


    Number of Attendees

    Early Bird Discount

    ASTM automatically applies a discount of 10% when participants register 60 days prior to the start of the class.
    *After the early bird period expires, registrations are subject to standard pricing.

    About the Course

    This extensive 3-day class provides broad coverage of the specifications, testing and technology related to gasoline. You'll learn about the different types and components of gasoline, ways to enhance octane, the various types of volatility, the purpose of sampling, and the stages of drivability. The course covers specifications related to gasoline, discusses gasoline additives, oxygenates, the refining process, the quality and distribution of fuels, and much more.

    The class is taught in a participatory atmosphere. In addition to the course workbook, you will also receive a copy of ASTM's manual on Significance of Tests for Petroleum Products, as well as copies of various ASTM standards.

    Learning Outcomes

    By the end of this course you will be able to:

    • Recall how gasoline and compositional variables affect engine performance
    • Recall how to interpret test data to determine if gasoline meets required specifications and regulations
    • Recall how to use octane blending equations and calculate volatility parameters
    • Define how quality is maintained throughout the distribution system
    • Discuss gasohol and other ethanol mixtures in gasoline
    • Discuss reformulated gasoline, and the requirements mandated by the 1990 amendments to the Clean Air Act.

    Who Should Attend

    A scientific background is not required for this course. It is intended for:

    • Petroleum company employees
    • Federal, state, and local regulatory personnel
    • Laboratory supervisors
    • Fuel marketing personnel
    • Pipeline company employees
    • Engine mfg. and testing personnel
    • Attorneys involved in fuels regulatory activity
    • Anyone involved in the purchase, sale, operations, or distribution of gasoline.

    Course Description

    Registration: 7:30 AM-8:00 AM on first day
    Class: 8:00 am-4:00 pm on the first two days. Following lunch on the third day, the class will tour a lab.

    Day 1

    • Gasoline Composition, Chemistry, Production, Blending, and Specs
    • Octane Measurements and Enhancers
    • CRC Vehicle Satisfaction Programs
    • Octane Requirement Increase Altitude and Climatic Adjustments Phase Separation and Water Tolerance Importance of Volatility
    • Vapor Pressure and Vapor Liquid Ratio
    • Distillation
    • ASTM Volatility Classes
    • Cold and Hot Starting and Drivability
    • CRC Drivability Programs
    • Drivability Indices
    • Evaporative and Exhaust Emissions
    • Impact of Volatility Regulations

    Day 2

    • Additives and Their Chemistry
    • Oxidation and Corrosion Inhibitors
    • Metal Deactivators
    • Engine Deposit Control Additives
    • Oxygenates
    • Chemistry of Alcohols and Ethers
    • Effects of Ethanol and Other Oxygenates
    • Effects on Volatility and Emissions
    • Water Sensitivity
    • CRC Oxygenate Drivability Programs Materials Compatibility
    • Reformulated Gasoline Requirements
    • Gasoline Distribution

    Day 3

    • Clean Air Act and 1991 Amendments
    • Reformulated Gasoline
    • EPA Testing Requirements
    • Regulatory Issues
    • Ozone Depletion
    • Carbon Monoxide Reduction
    • Maintenance of Quality
    • Tour of a Fuel Testing Laboratory

    ASTM Standards Referenced

    Test Methods

    • D86 Distillation of Petroleum Products
    • D130 Detection of Copper Corrosion from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Tarnish Test
    • D381 Existent Gum in Fuels by Jet Evaporation
    • D525 Oxidation Stability of Gasoline
    • D1319 Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Adsorption
    • D3606 Benzene and Toluene in Finished Motor and Aviation Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    • D4057 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
    • D4806 Standard Specification for Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Blending with Gasolines for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    • D4814 Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel
    • D4815 Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
    • D5798 Standard Specification for Ethanol Fuel Blends for Flexible-Fuel Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines


    • Significance of Tests for Petroleum Products

    Fee Includes

    • All referenced ASTM standards and course notes
    • Transportation to and from tour site
    • Coffee breaks
    • Course Completion Certificate with 2.1 Continuing Education Units (CEUs)

    About the Instructor

    Salvatore J. Rand is an ASTM Fellow and a consultant in motor and aviation fuel technology. He is vice-chairman of ASTM Committee D-2 on Petroleum Products and Lubricants, former chairman of Subcommittee 5 on Properties of Fuels, and secretary of the section on Color and Reactivity. He is retired from the Fuels Research Division of Texaco's R&D Department. Rand received his B.S. degree in chemistry from Fordham University and his Ph.D degree in physical chemistry from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

    About Sponsoring Committee

    ASTM is one of the world's largest voluntary standards development organizations. ASTM standards have grown to be among the world's most widely used and accepted documents. The 82-volume Annual Book of ASTM Standards contain over 13,000 standards written by 34,000 members on our 140 technical committees. The standards referenced in this course were developed by Committee D02 on Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants. For information on Committee D02, contact Alyson Fick at (610) 832-9710 or go to our D02 technical committee page.

    ASTM Membership

    Attend this course and receive a FREE 1-year membership to ASTM International and Committee D02 on Petroleum Products and Lubricants. (Applies to new members only and may not be used to renew existing memberships.)

    Attention: Professional Engineers

    If your state has a continuing education requirement for license renewal, ASTM training courses and ASTM membership can help you meet that requirement.

    On-Site Training Available

    ASTM can bring this course to your site! On-site training courses can also be tailored to meet your specific needs. For more information, please contact sales here or call 1-877-909-ASTM.

    How Learning Will Be Assessed

    Learning will be assessed through a series of question and answer sessions.

    Questions About the Training Course

    For information on this training course, please contact Training or call (610) 832-9695.

    Attendee Praise

    Praise from recent attendees of the course:

    "Sal was a great instructor. He answered all of my questions."

    "Sal Rand is an excellent instructor; very professional, encouraged participation, a wealth of experience and knowledge, and shared wonderful anecdotes relevant to material."

    "Sal was very knowledgeable."

    "Great instructor."

    "Very informative. Easily understandable."

    "Instructor was very knowledgable and very good."

    "I would say that just about everything was really valuable."

    "Great course with experienced and friendly instructor."

    "Excellent instructor."

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