ASTM Standards: How is Steel Made?

    Price: $150.00

    Course Description

    This on demand webinar is designed for all individuals who work with steels. You will learn how steel is made prior to producing wrought products, including: steelmaking practices, chemical composition requirements, and inclusion control that are specified in ASTM standards.

    These new skills will improve your ability to identify the correct ASTM specification, grade, and their requirements when ordering steel products and reviewing material test reports (MTRs). These goals are achieved through the use of many Connecting-the-Standards© examples, including: ASTM product specifications, general requirements specifications, test methods, and terminology standards.

    Online access is available for one year from the date of purchase.

    Learning Outcomes

    Participants who successfully complete this on demand webinar will be able to:

    • identify and apply ASTM standard steel terminology for steelmaking, and steel inclusions;
    • understand the basic oxygen furnace (BOF) and electric arc furnace (EAF) steelmaking processes and how they are identified in ASTM standards;
    • recall the difference between a heat analysis and a product analysis and describe what is meant by a lot of steel, as defined in ASTM Standards; and
    • discuss steel refining practices such as inclusion control, rimmed, capped, killed, and semikilled steels, and how these practices are referenced in ASTM Standards.

    Who Should Attend

    This on demand webinar is designed for all personnel involved with steels, such as, engineers, inspectors, QA/QC technicians, NDE examiners, purchasers, inventory control personnel, tradespeople, manufacturing and repair companies, engineering procurement companies, and others working in most industries that use steel, including: civil construction (buildings, bridges), pressure equipment, ship building, water treatment, pipelines, oil and gas industries (oilfield, upgraders, refineries, etc.), chemical plants, petroleum refining, petrochemical plants, power plants, pulp and paper plants, fertilizer plants, and many others.

    Course Outline

    • How is steel made to produce wrought products?
      • The Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) Steelmaking Process
      • The Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) Steelmaking Process
    • What are heats and lots of steel?
      • heat of steel
      • heat analysis and product analysis
      • lot of steel
    • What are residual elements and unspecified elements in steels?
    • How is steel refined during steelmaking?
      • ladle metallurgy furnace (LMF)
    • What are steel ingot and continuous strand casting?
    • What are billets, blooms, and slabs?
    • What are inclusions in steel and where do they originate during steelmaking?
      • deoxidation
        • rimmed and capped steels
        • killed and semiskilled steels
      • desulfurization
      • inclusion control
    • What are clean and dirty steels?
      • clean steel practice: microcleanliness
      • measuring inclusions treated with calcium for inclusion shape control
    • How are inclusion content and morphology determined?

    CASTI e-Instructor Support

    CASTI e-Instructor provides support for any questions about the online content. To contact the e-instructor, email

    About the Author

    This course was written and maintained by CASTI

    Certificate and CEUs

    Upon successful completion of this course, a certificate of completion will be issued.

    This course is not eligible for CEU's

    Related Courses

    You may also be interested in these related Virtual Training Courses and On Demand Webinars:

    • CASTI Virtual Training Courses
      • Steel Basics - Using ASTM Standards
        • Making Wrought Products
        • ASTM Steel Standards Structure
    • CASTI On Demand Webinars
      • Steel Basics - Using ASTM Standards
        • What are Carbon Steels?
        • What are Alloy Steels?
        • How are Rolled, Forged, Pipe, Tube, & Wire Products Made?
        • How are Mechanical Properties Tested & Reported?

        • Price: $150

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