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    ASTM G64 - 99(2021)

    Standard Classification of Resistance to Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Heat-Treatable Aluminum Alloys

    Active Standard ASTM G64 | Developed by Subcommittee: G01.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This classification involves alphabetical ratings intended only to provide a qualitative guide for materials selection. The ratings are based primarily on the results of standard corrosion tests.

    4.2 Interpretations of the SCC ratings in terms of typical problem areas including service experience are given in Table 1. Practical experience has shown that SCC problems with aluminum alloys generally have involved situations where the direction and magnitude of the tensile stresses resulting from manufacturing or use, or both, of the material were not recognized.

    (A) The sum of all stresses including those from service loads (applied), heat treatment, straightening, forming, and so forth.

    4.3 A list of the SCC ratings for the heat-treatable aluminum alloy products is given in Table 2. Revisions to the table will be required as new materials become available and additional test results are accumulated.

    (A) The ratings apply to standard mill products in the types of tempers indicated, including stress-relieved tempers, and could be invalidated in some cases by application of nonstandard thermal treatments or mechanical deformation at room temperature by the user.
    (B) Test direction refers to orientation of the stressing direction relative to the directional grain structure typical of wrought materials, which in the case of extrusions and forgings may not be predictable from the geometrical cross section of the product.

    L — Longitudinal: parallel to direction of principal metal extension during manufacture of the product.

    LT—Long Transverse: perpendicular to direction of principal metal extension. In products whose grain structure clearly shows directionality (width-to-thickness ratio greater than two) it is that perpendicular direction parallel to the major grain dimension.

    ST—Short Transverse: perpendicular to direction of principal metal extension and parallel to minor dimension of grains in products with significant grain directionality.

    (C) Sections with width-to-thickness ratio equal to or less than two, for which there is no distinction between LT and ST.
    (D) Rating not established because the product is not offered commercially.
    (E) Rating is one class lower for thicker sections: extrusions, 25 mm (1 in.) and over; plate and forgings 40 mm (1.5 in.) and over.

    4.4 These alphabetical ratings are not suitable for direct use in mathematical models for material selection, but numerical weights and confidence factors can be devised on the basis of experience and judgment of the materials engineer.5

    1. Scope

    1.1 This classification covers alphabetical ratings of the relative resistance to SCC of various mill product forms of the wrought 2XXX, 6XXX, and 7XXX series heat-treated aluminum alloys and the procedure for determining the ratings.

    1.2 The ratings do not apply to metal in which the metallurgical structure has been altered by welding, forming, or other fabrication processes.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses after SI units are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    Other Documents

    MIL-HANDBOOK-5 Metallic Materials and Elements for Aerospace Vehicle Structures Available from DLA Document Services, Building 4/D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094, http://quicksearch.dla.mil.

    MSFC-SPEC-522A Design Criteria for Controlling Stress Corrosion Cracking Available from National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 300 E St. SW, Suite 5R30, Washington, DC 20546, https://www.nasa.gov.

    ASTM Standards

    G44 Practice for Exposure of Metals and Alloys by Alternate Immersion in Neutral 3.5% Sodium Chloride Solution

    G47 Test Method for Determining Susceptibility to Stress-Corrosion Cracking of 2XXX and 7XXX Aluminum Alloy Products


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.120.10 (Aluminium and aluminium alloys)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11172000(Aluminum based alloys)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/G0064-99R21

    Citation Format

    ASTM G64-99(2021), Standard Classification of Resistance to Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Heat-Treatable Aluminum Alloys, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.org

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