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This practice covers the definition and interpretation of the commonly used thermionic constants of electron emitters with appended standard methods of measurement. Cathode materials shall alternatively be evaluated by relating the temperature-limited emission to fundamental properties of the emitter, particularly the work function. Comparisons are made between emitters using the thermionic constants such as the work function, emission constant, and the temperature dependence of the work function. These thermionic constants are geometry and field effects-independent, but exhibit variations under different conditions. The pertinent equations the Richardson-Dushman equation of electron emission to evaluate the effective work function, which in turn, shall be used to find the Richardson work function and the true work function. Sample computations are also detailed.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This practice covers the definition and interpretation of the commonly used thermionic constants of electron emitters (, , , ) with appended standard methods of measurement.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
ICS Number Code 01.040.31 (Electronics (Vocabularies)); 31.100 (Electronic tubes)
UNSPSC Code 32141101(Cathodes or emitters)
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ASTM F83-71(2018), Standard Practice for Definition and Determination of Thermionic Constants of Electron Emitters, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.orgBack to Top