ASTM F645 - 18a

    Standard Guide for Selection, Design, and Installation of Thermoplastic Water- Pressure Piping Systems

    Active Standard ASTM F645 | Developed by Subcommittee: F17.61

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.04


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The requirements of this specification are intended to provide information to select, design and install thermoplastic, water-pressure piping systems. Materials covered in this specification are Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC), Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) and Polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe fittings.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide is intended for use in the selection, design, and installation of thermoplastic water-pressure piping systems. For specific projects, a thorough review of this guide is recommended for the purpose of selecting specific materials, methods of joining, system design factor, and any special procedures deemed necessary to assure a satisfactory system.

    Note 1: Comprehensive information on the selection, design, joining, system design factors, installation and special products and piping systems for pressurized water and other specialized applications is available in the PPI Handbook of Polyethylene Pipe and from other domestic and International sources such as PE compound and product manufacturers and trade associations.

    1.2 It is recommended that governing codes and project specifications be consulted prior to the use of this guide. Nothing in this guide should be construed as recommending practices or systems at variance with governing codes and project specifications.

    1.3 The pipe, fittings, and joining materials shall meet the requirements of one or more of the following component product standards listed in 1.3.1 through 1.3.4 to the extent applicable. In 1.3.1, 1.3.2, and 1.3.4 the pipe standards followed by (a) are outside diameter-controlled pipes.

    1.3.1 For poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) plastic piping components: 


    Title of Specification

    ASTM
    Designation

    Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe, Schedules 40, 80
     and 120 (a)

    D1785

    Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe (SDR-PR) (a)

    D2241

    Threaded Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings,
     Schedule 80

    D2464

    Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings, Schedule
     40

    D2466

    Socket-Type Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe
     Fittings, Schedule 80

    D2467

    Solvent Cements for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe
     and Fittings

    D2564

    Bell-End Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pipe (a)

    D2672

    Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Tubing (a)

    D2740

    Socket-Type Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Line
     Couplings

    D3036

    Joints for Plastic Pressure Pipes Using Flexible Elastomeric
     Seals

    D3139

    Elastomeric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe

    F477

    PVC and ABS Injected Solvent Cemented Plastic Pipe
     Joints

    F545

    1.3.2 For Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl chloride) (CPVC) plastic piping components: 

    Title of Specification

    ASTM
    Designation

    Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Pipe, Schedules 40 and 80 (a)

    F441/F441M

    Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings, Schedule 80

    F439

    Solvent Cements for Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Pipe and Fittings

    F493

    1.3.3 Standards for polyethylene (PE) plastic piping: 

     ASTM Standard

    Designation

    Standard Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (SIDR-PR) Based on Controlled Inside Diameter

    D2239

    Standard Specification for Plastic Insert Fittings for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe

    D2609

    Standard Specification for Socket-Type Polyethylene Fittings for Outside Diameter-Controlled Polyethylene Pipe and Tubing

    D2683

    Standard Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Tubing

    D2737

    Standard Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping

    D2774

    Standard Specification for Butt Heat Fusion Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Fittings for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe and Tubing

    D3261

    Standard Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (DR-PR) Based on Controlled Outside Diameter

    D3035

    Standard Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (DR-PR) Based on Outside Diameter

    F714

    Standard Specification for Electrofusion Type Polyethylene Fittings for Outside Diameter Controlled Polyethylene and Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Pipe and Tubing

    F1055

    Standard Specification for Socket Fusion Tools for Use in Socket Fusion Joining Polyethylene Pipe or Tubing and Fittings

    F1056

    Standard Practice for Electrofusion Joining Polyolefin Pipe and Fittings

    F1290

    Standard Specification for Deformed Polyethylene (PE) Liner

    F1533

    Standard Guide for Construction Procedures for Buried Plastic Pipe

    F1668

    Standard Practice for Field Leak Testing of Polyethylene (PE) and Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Pressure Piping Systems Using Hydrostatic Pressure

    F2164

    Standard Specification for Fabricated Fittings of Butt-Fused Polyethylene (PE)

    F2206

    Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings

    F2620

    Standard Test Method for Laboratory Testing of Polyethylene (PE) Butt Fusion Joints using Tensile-Impact Method

    F2634

    Standard Practice for Field Leak Testing of Polyethylene (PE) Pressure Piping Systems Using Gaseous Testing Media Under Pressure (Pneumatic Leak Testing)

    F2786

    Standard Specification for Lap-Joint Type Flange Adapters for Polyethylene Pressure Pipe in Nominal Pipe Sizes ¾ in. to 65 in.

    F2880

    Standard Practice for Specimens and Testing Conditions for Testing Polyethylene (PE) Pipe Butt Fusions Using Tensile and Hydrostatic Test Methods

    F2928

    Standard Specification for Billets made by Winding Molten Extruded Stress-Rated High Density Polyethylene (HDPE)

    F3034

    Standard Specification for Metric Outside Diameter Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (DR-PN)

    F3123

    Standard Practice for Data Recording the Procedure used to Produce Heat Butt Fusion Joints in Plastic Piping Systems or Fittings

    F3124

    Standard Practice for Guided Side Bend Evaluation of Polyethylene Pipe Butt Fusion Joint

    F3183

    Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Equipment (HFE) Operator Qualification on Polyethylene (PE) and Polyamide (PA) Pipe and Fittings

    F3190

    AWWA Standards

     

    Standards Polyethylene (PE) Pressure Pipe and Tubing, 1/2 in. (13 mm) Through 3 in. (76 mm), for Water Service

    C901

    Polyethylene (PE) Pressure Pipe and Fittings, 4 In. Through 65 In. (100 mm Through 1,650 mm), for Waterworks

    C906

    CSA Standards

     

    Standards Definitions, general requirements, and methods of testing for thermoplastic pressure piping

    B137.0

    Polyethylene (PE) pipe, tubing, and fittings for cold water pressure services

    B137.1

    1.3.4 For poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) Plastic Piping Components Issued By the American Water Works Association: 

    C900 Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pressure Pipe,

    4-inch through 12-inch, for Water (a)

     

    1.3.5 Pipes with wall thicknesses less than 1.50 mm (0.06 in.) are not recommended.

    1.4 Other Joining Devices—Joining devices other than those covered by the listed standards may be selected by the user on the basis of his own engineering evaluation and service experience.

    1.5 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics

    D1598 Test Method for Time-to-Failure of Plastic Pipe Under Constant Internal Pressure

    D1599 Test Method for Resistance to Short-Time Hydraulic Pressure of Plastic Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings

    D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics

    D1784 Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Compounds and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds

    D1785 Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe, Schedules 40, 80, and 120

    D2239 Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (SIDR-PR) Based on Controlled Inside Diameter

    D2241 Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pressure-Rated Pipe (SDR Series)

    D2464 Specification for Threaded Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings, Schedule 80

    D2466 Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings, Schedule 40

    D2467 Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings, Schedule 80

    D2564 Specification for Solvent Cements for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Piping Systems

    D2609 Specification for Plastic Insert Fittings for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe

    D2672 Specification for Joints for IPS PVC Pipe Using Solvent Cement

    D2683 Specification for Socket-Type Polyethylene Fittings for Outside Diameter-Controlled Polyethylene Pipe and Tubing

    D2737 Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Tubing

    D2740 Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Tubing

    D2774 Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping

    D2855 Practice for the Two-Step (Primer and Solvent Cement) Method of Joining Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) or Chlorinated Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Pipe and Piping Components with Tapered Sockets

    D3035 Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (DR-PR) Based on Controlled Outside Diameter

    D3036 Specification for Socket-Type Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Line Couplings

    D3139 Specification for Joints for Plastic Pressure Pipes Using Flexible Elastomeric Seals

    D3261 Specification for Butt Heat Fusion Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Fittings for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe and Tubing

    F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems

    F439 Specification for Chlorinated Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings, Schedule 80

    F441/F441M Specification for Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Pipe, Schedules 40 and 80

    F477 Specification for Elastomeric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe

    F493 Specification for Solvent Cements for Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Pipe and Fittings

    F545 Specification for PVC and ABS Injected Solvent Cemented Plastic Pipe Joints

    F714 Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (DR-PR) Based on Outside Diameter

    F1055 Specification for Electrofusion Type Polyethylene Fittings for Outside Diameter Controlled Polyethylene and Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Pipe and Tubing

    F1056 Specification for Socket Fusion Tools for Use in Socket Fusion Joining Polyethylene Pipe or Tubing and Fittings

    F1290 Practice for Electrofusion Joining Polyolefin Pipe and Fittings

    F1498 Specification for Taper Pipe Threads 60 for Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings

    F1533 Specification for Deformed Polyethylene (PE) Liner

    F1668 Guide for Construction Procedures for Buried Plastic Pipe

    F2164 Practice for Field Leak Testing of Polyethylene (PE) and Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Pressure Piping Systems Using Hydrostatic Pressure

    F2206 Specification for Fabricated Fittings of Butt-Fused Polyethylene (PE)

    F2620 Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings

    F2634 Test Method for Laboratory Testing of Polyethylene (PE) Butt Fusion Joints using Tensile-Impact Method

    F2786 Practice for Field Leak Testing of Polyethylene (PE) Pressure Piping Systems Using Gaseous Testing Media Under Pressure (Pneumatic Leak Testing)

    F2880 Specification for Lap-Joint Type Flange Adapters for Polyethylene Pressure Pipe in Nominal Pipe Sizes 34 in. to 65 in.

    F2928 Practice for Specimens and Testing Conditions for Testing Polyethylene (PE) Pipe Butt Fusions Using Tensile and Hydrostatic Test Methods

    F3034 Specification for Billets made by Winding Molten Extruded Stress-Rated High Density Polyethylene (HDPE)

    F3123 Specification for Metric Outside Diameter Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (DR-PN)

    F3124 Practice for Data Recording the Procedure used to Produce Heat Butt Fusion Joints in Plastic Piping Systems or Fittings

    F3183 Practice for Guided Side Bend Evaluation of Polyethylene Pipe Butt Fusion Joint

    F3190 Practice for Heat Fusion Equipment (HFE) Operator Qualification on Polyethylene (PE) and Polyamide (PA) Pipe and Fittings

    Plastics Pipe Institute Report

    PPI Handbook of Polyethylene Pipe

    PPI-TR4 HDB/SDB/PDB/MRS Listed Materials

    PPI-TR9

    NSF Standards

    CSA Standards

    B137.0 Definitions, general requirements, and methods of testing for thermoplastic pressure piping

    Uni-Bell PVC Pipe Association

    Uni-Bell Handbook of PVC Pipe , Chapter VIII, Table 8.7

    American Water Works Association Standards

    C651 Disinfecting Water Mains

    C901 Polyethylene (PE) Pressure Pipe and Tubing, 12 in. (13 mm) Through 3 in. (76 mm), for Water Service

    C906


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 23.040.20 (Plastic pipes)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/F0645-18A

    Citation Format

    ASTM F645-18a, Standard Guide for Selection, Design, and Installation of Thermoplastic Water- Pressure Piping Systems, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org

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