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Significance and Use
5.1 A standard procedure is necessary to establish property changes for spilled oils or petroleum products at different oil weathering stages.
5.2 This procedure employs standardized equipment, and test procedures.
5.3 This procedure should be performed at the stages of weathering corresponding to the spill conditions of interest.
1.1 This guide summarizes methods to fractionate oil by evaporative weathering and then measure the properties and behavior of the weathered oil. The results of this guide can provide oil behavior data for input into oil spill models and response method selection.
1.2 This guide covers general procedures for oil weathering and behavior and does not cover all possible procedures which may be applicable to this topic.
1.3 The results obtained using this guide are intended to provide baseline data for the behavior of oil and petroleum products when spilled and input to oil spill models.
1.4 The results obtained using this guide can be used directly to predict certain facets of oil spill behavior or as input to oil spill models.
1.5 The accuracy of the guide depends very much on the representative nature of the oil sample used. Certain oils can have different properties depending on their chemical contents at the moment a sample is taken
1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester
D97 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products
D971 Test Method for Interfacial Tension of Oil Against Water by the Ring Method
D1310 Test Method for Flash Point and Fire Point of Liquids by Tag Open-Cup Apparatus
D1824 Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Plastisols and Organosols at Low Shear Rates
D4294 Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
D4377 Test Method for Water in Crude Oils by Potentiometric Karl Fischer Titration
D5002 Test Method for Density, Relative Density, and API Gravity of Crude Oils by Digital Density Analyzer
D5853 Test Method for Pour Point of Crude Oils
D5949 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products (Automatic Pressure Pulsing Method)
D6352 Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Distillates in Boiling Range from 174C to 700C by Gas Chromatography
D6450 Test Method for Flash Point by Continuously Closed Cup (CCCFP) Tester
D6560 Test Method for Determination of Asphaltenes (Heptane Insolubles) in Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D7042 Test Method for Dynamic Viscosity and Density of Liquids by Stabinger Viscometer (and the Calculation of Kinematic Viscosity)
D7094 Test Method for Flash Point by Modified Continuously Closed Cup (MCCCFP) Tester
D7169 Test Method for Boiling Point Distribution of Samples with Residues Such as Crude Oils and Atmospheric and Vacuum Residues by High Temperature Gas Chromatography
F2059 Test Method for Laboratory Oil Spill Dispersant Effectiveness Using the Swirling Flask
F3045 Test Method for Evaluation of the Type and Viscoelastic Stability of Water-in-oil Mixtures Formed from Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Mixed with Water
ICS Number Code 13.020.40 (Pollution, pollution control and conservation); 75.080 (Petroleum products in general)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM F3337-19, Standard Guide for Taking Property and Behavior Measurements on Weathered Fractions of Oil, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.orgBack to Top