ASTM F3186 - 17

    Standard Specification for Adult Portable Bed Rails and Related Products

    Active Standard ASTM F3186 | Developed by Subcommittee: F15.70

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.11


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This safety specification establishes performance requirements for adult portable bed rails, related products, and adult portable bedrail accessories, including requirements for resistance to entrapment, marking and adhered labels, instructional literature, and advertising.

    1.2 This standard is applicable to any such product (as defined below) that is not designed as part of the bed by the bed manufacturer, and is installed on, against or adjacent to the side of an adult bed and is for use by adults to reduce the risk of falling from the bed, assist in repositioning in the bed, assist in transitioning into or out of the bed, or other similar purposes as stated by the manufacturer.

    1.3 This safety specification includes adult portable bed rails that meet the definition of a medical device and are therefore under the jurisdiction of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and adult portable bed rails that are not medical devices, and which therefore fall under the jurisdiction of the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC).2

    1.4 This safety specification does not cover guardrails or side rails intended for use on FDA regulated hospital beds, or portable rails for children which are included in Consumer Safety Specification F1821 for toddler beds, Consumer Safety Specification F2085 for portable bed rails for children, or IEC 60601-2-52 for medical beds.

    1.5 This safety specification is intended to minimize entrapment and strangulation hazards that are attributed to design components, whether these hazards arise from normal installation and use, reasonably foreseeable mis-installation/misuse, or changes to the stability of the attachment over time, or combinations thereof. Other hazards may exist (for example, falls) that are not within the scope of this specification. Such hazards will be the subject of additional standards.

    1.6 No adult portable bed rail, or related product as defined in this specification, shall, either by label or other means, indicate compliance with this specification unless it conforms to all the requirements contained herein.

    1.7 Units—The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversion to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    Other Standards

    ANSI Z535.4 American National Standard for Product Safety Signs and Labels Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.

    IEC 60601-2-52 Medical Electrical EquipmentPart 2-52: Particular Requirements for the Basic Safety and Essential Performance of Medical Beds Available from International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), 3, rue de Varemb, 1st Floor, P.O. Box 131, CH-1211, Geneva 20, Switzerland, http://www.iec.ch.

    Federal Standards and Guidelines

    16 CFR 1500.48

    16 CFR 1500.49 Technical Requirements for Determining a Sharp Metal or Glass Edge in Toys and Other Articles Intended for Use by Children Under 8 Years of Age

    ASTM Standards

    D3359 Test Methods for Rating Adhesion by Tape Test

    F1821 Consumer Safety Specification for Toddler Beds

    F2085 Consumer Safety Specification for Portable Bed Rails


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 97.180 (Miscellaneous domestic and commercial equipment)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/F3186-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM F3186-17, Standard Specification for Adult Portable Bed Rails and Related Products, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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