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This specification establishes the requirements for additive manufacturing of stainless steel alloy (UNS S31603) components by means of laser and electron beam-based full melt powder bed fusion processes. The components produced by these processes are typically used in applications that require mechanical properties similar to machined forgings and wrought products. Components manufactured to this specification are often, but not necessarily, post processed via machining, grinding, electrical discharge machining (EDM), polishing, and so forth to achieve desired surface finish and critical dimensions.
This specification covers Condition A and Condition B components, manufacturing plan, feedstock, processing, chemical composition, mechanical properties, microstructural requirements, thermal post-processing, hot isostatic pressing, retests, inspection and certification, product marking and packaging, and quality program requirements.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers additive manufacturing of UNS S31603 components by means of laser and electron beam-based full melt powder bed fusion processes. The components produced by these processes are used typically in applications that require mechanical properties similar to machined forgings and wrought products. Components manufactured to this specification are often, but not necessarily, post processed via machining, grinding, electrical discharge machining (EDM), polishing, and so forth to achieve desired surface finish and critical dimensions.
1.2 This specification is intended for the use of purchasers or producers, or both, of additively manufactured UNS S31603 components for defining the requirements and ensuring component properties.
1.3 Users are advised to use this specification as a basis for obtaining components that will meet the minimum acceptance requirements established and revised by consensus of the members of the committee.
1.4 User requirements considered more stringent may be met by the addition to the purchase order of one or more supplementary requirements, which may include, but are not limited to, those listed in Supplementary Requirements S1–S16.
1.5 The compositional requirements specified in this specification do not meet the compositional requirements for surgical implant grade UNS S31673.
1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. Other units are included only for informational purposes.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels
A276/A276M Specification for Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes
A479/A479M Specification for Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes for Use in Boilers and Other Pressure Vessels
A484/A484M Specification for General Requirements for Stainless Steel Bars, Billets, and Forgings
A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
A1080 Practice for Hot Isostatic Pressing of Steel, Stainless Steel, and Related Alloy Castings
B213 Test Methods for Flow Rate of Metal Powders Using the Hall Flowmeter Funnel
B214 Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Metal Powders
B243 Terminology of Powder Metallurgy
B311 Test Method for Density of Powder Metallurgy (PM) Materials Containing Less Than Two Percent Porosity
B769 Test Method for Shear Testing of Aluminum Alloys
B855 Test Method for Volumetric Flow Rate of Metal Powders Using the Arnold Meter and Hall Flowmeter Funnel
B964 Test Methods for Flow Rate of Metal Powders Using the Carney Funnel
D3951 Practice for Commercial Packaging
E3 Guide for Preparation of Metallographic Specimens
E8/E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E9 Test Methods of Compression Testing of Metallic Materials at Room Temperature
E10 Test Method for Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials
E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves
E18 Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials
E21 Test Methods for Elevated Temperature Tension Tests of Metallic Materials
E23 Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E238 Test Method for Pin-Type Bearing Test of Metallic Materials
E353 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Stainless, Heat-Resisting, Maraging, and Other Similar Chromium-Nickel-Iron Alloys
E384 Test Method for Microindentation Hardness of Materials
E399 Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness KIc of Metallic Materials
E407 Practice for Microetching Metals and Alloys
E466 Practice for Conducting Force Controlled Constant Amplitude Axial Fatigue Tests of Metallic Materials
E606 Test Method for Strain-Controlled Fatigue Testing
E647 Test Method for Measurement of Fatigue Crack Growth Rates
E1019 Test Methods for Determination of Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Steel, Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys by Various Combustion and Fusion Techniques
E1086 Test Method for Analysis of Austenitic Stainless Steel by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry
E1417 Practice for Liquid Penetrant Testing
E1450 Test Method for Tension Testing of Structural Alloys in Liquid Helium
E1479 Practice for Describing and Specifying Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometers
E1742 Practice for Radiographic Examination
E1820 Test Method for Measurement of Fracture Toughness
E2368 Practice for Strain Controlled Thermomechanical Fatigue Testing
F2924 Specification for Additive Manufacturing Titanium-6 Aluminum-4 Vanadium with Powder Bed Fusion
F2971 Practice for Reporting Data for Test Specimens Prepared by Additive Manufacturing
F3049 Guide for Characterizing Properties of Metal Powders Used for Additive Manufacturing Processes
F3122 Guide for Evaluating Mechanical Properties of Metal Materials Made via Additive Manufacturing Processes
ASQ StandardASQ C1 Specification of General Requirements for a Quality Program
ICS Number Code 25.030 (Additive manufacturing)
UNSPSC Code 11171600(Stainless steel alloys)
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ASTM F3184-16, Standard Specification for Additive Manufacturing Stainless Steel Alloy (UNS S31603) with Powder Bed Fusion, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top