ASTM F3175 - 16

    Standard Guide for Training and Equipping Search and Rescue Personnel Operating on Mountain Bikes (Mountain Bike SAR Endorsement)

    Active Standard ASTM F3175 | Developed by Subcommittee: F32.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 13.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This guide establishes the minimum training criteria for Mountain Bike Search and Rescue Endorsed personnel.

    4.2 At no time will this standard supersede any established protocols of international, national, federal, state, tribal, local, or regional governments.

    4.3 Every person who is identified as a Mountain Bike Search and Rescue Endorsed individual shall have met the requirements of this guide.

    4.4 Though this guide establishes only minimum standards, it does not imply that a Mountain Bike Search and Rescue Endorsed individual is a “trainee,” “probationary,” or other similarly termed member of an agency or organization.

    4.4.1 The AHJ is responsible for determining the requirements and qualifications for its team member ratings.

    4.4.2 Nothing in this guide precludes an AHJ from adding additional requirements for its own members.

    4.5 A person meeting the requirements of this guide does not necessarily possess adequate field skills and knowledge to make mission-critical decisions.

    4.6 This guide by itself is not a training document. It is an outline of the topics required for training or evaluating Mountain Bike Search and Rescue Endorsed personnel.

    4.7 This guide is an outline of the topics required for training or evaluating Mountain Bike Search and Rescue Endorsed personnel and may be used to assist in the development of a training document or program.

    4.8 This guide can be used to evaluate a document to determine if its content includes the topics necessary for training an individual to be Mountain Bike Search and Rescue Endorsed personnel. Likewise, this guide may be used to evaluate an existing training program to see if it meets the requirements in this guide.

    4.9 The knowledge, skills, and abilities presented in the following sections are not in any particular order and do not represent a training sequence.

    4.10 This guide does not stand alone and must be used with other ASTM Standards to identify the knowledge, skills, and abilities needed for a Mountain Bike Search and Rescue Endorsed individual to perform safely and effectively.

    4.11 Mountain Bike Search and Rescue Endorsed personnel shall document training by completion of a position task book, compliant with ASTM F3068, or by field demonstration under qualified supervision.

    4.11.1 Where proficiency in a skill or ability must be demonstrated, unless stated otherwise it shall be demonstrated for initial qualification, and as often as required by the AHJ.

    4.11.2 Proficiency shall be demonstrated to a qualified observer as defined by the AHJ.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide establishes the minimum training and equipment requirements, including general and field knowledge, skills, and abilities, for search and rescue personnel who operate on mountain bikes.

    1.2 Mountain Bike Search and Rescue Endorsed individuals may, under qualified supervision, perform their normal duties safely and effectively on mountain bikes.

    1.3 A Mountain Bike Search and Rescue Endorsement alone is not sufficient to indicate that an individual has the knowledge, skills, or abilities to perform any specific duties, including search and rescue operations, other than those defined within this guide.

    1.4 Personnel trained to only this guide are not qualified to operate in leadership positions.

    1.5 Mountain Bike Search and Rescue Endorsed individuals operate on the surface of the land only, including urban or disaster areas that may be isolated or have lost supporting infrastructure.

    1.6 Human land SAR resources that may utilize personnel trained to this guide are classified in Classification F1993.

    1.6.1 Further training may be required before Mountain Bike Search and Rescue Endorsed personnel may participate on a particular Category or Kind of SAR resource, depending on local needs, regulations, or policies of the authority having jurisdiction.

    1.7 This guide alone does not provide the minimum training requirements for SAR personnel to operate on mountain bikes while performing operations in partially or fully collapsed structures, in- or on-water, in confined spaces, underground (such as in caves, mines, and tunnels), or in mountain or alpine environments.

    1.8 Personnel trained to this guide are not qualified to perform rescue. No training in rope use, high or low angle litter evacuation, or other rescue skills is included in this guide.

    1.8.1 Basic rescue skills and knowledge are found in Guide F2751.

    1.9 Mountain Bike Search and Rescue Endorsed personnel must work under qualified supervision, as deemed appropriate by the AHJ.

    1.10 This standard is created without regard to the type of mountain bike, gear, panniers, first aid supplies, or personal protective equipment that is used by a Mountain Bike Search and Rescue Endorsed individual.

    1.11 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    F1447 Specification for Helmets Used in Recreational Bicycling or Roller Skating

    F1633 Guide for Techniques in Land Search

    F1773 Terminology Relating to Climbing, Mountaineering, Search and Rescue Equipment and Practices

    F1952 Specification for Helmets Used for Downhill Mountain Bicycle Racing

    F1993 Classification System of Human Search and Rescue Resources

    F2209 Guide for Training of Land Search Team Member

    F2751 Guide for Training of a Land Search and Rescue Team Member

    F2890 Guide for Hazard Awareness for Search and Rescue Personnel

    F3068 Guide for Contents and Use of a Position Task Book (PTB)

    F3071 Guide for Basic Wilderness GPS/GNSS Use (GPS/GNSS-IW) Endorsement


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 03.100.30 (Management of human resources); 13.200 (Accident and disaster control)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 25101700(Safety and rescue vehicles); 86101810(Personnel skills training)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/F3175-16

    Citation Format

    ASTM F3175-16, Standard Guide for Training and Equipping Search and Rescue Personnel Operating on Mountain Bikes (Mountain Bike SAR Endorsement), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.org

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