ASTM F3168 - 20

    Standard Practice for Hayride Attractions

    Active Standard ASTM F3168 | Developed by Subcommittee: F24.61

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.07

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 28 $72.00   ADD TO CART
    Hardcopy (shipping and handling) 28 $72.00   ADD TO CART
    Standard + Redline PDF Bundle 56 $86.00   ADD TO CART

    Significance and Use

    4.1 The purpose of this standard practice is to delineate requirements regarding the design, operation, maintenance and inspection of hayride attractions with the primary purpose of entertainment, recreation or agritourism.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice applies to hayride attractions used primarily in amusement, entertainment, recreational or agritourism applications. Such applications include but are not limited to family entertainment centers, camps, shopping centers, malls, seasonal attractions, pumpkin patches, corn mazes, farms, tree farms, temporary special events, fairs, carnivals and municipal parks.

    1.2 This practice is intended to provide consistent criteria, references and operational considerations in the specifications, management and operation of hayride attractions.

    1.3 This practice establishes guidelines that will provide a level of conformity for the purpose of reducing potential hazards to patrons, attendants, actors and spectators.

    1.4 This practice is intended to be taken into consideration by architects, designers, engineers, construction contractors, manufacturers, appropriate inspectors, owners and operators who are involved with the design, construction, manufacture, installation, operation, maintenance, inspection or major modification of hayride attractions.

    1.5 This practice specifically includes the following types of devices or attractions:

    1.5.1 Hayride attractions used as an element or in combination with another hayride attraction, corn maze, zombie walk, paintball game, tree harvesting farm, seasonal attraction, haunted house, haunted attraction, fair, exposition or agritourism event.

    1.5.2 Hayride attractions used primarily in off road applications, fixed courses or designated areas.

    1.6 This practice specifically excludes the following types of devices or attractions:

    1.6.1 Hayride attractions designed exclusively for private or home use.

    1.6.2 Amusement rides, devices or attractions with a mechanical horse power rating of 27 (hp)I (27.37 (hp)M) or less and commonly referred to as a trackless train, mall train, tandem wagon or barrel train.

    1.6.3 Animal powered or drawn carriages, wagons or trailers.

    1.6.4 Human powered or drawn carriages, wagons or trailers.

    1.6.5 Passenger trams used primarily in amusement parks, theme parks, zoos, wildlife parks or water parks.

    1.6.6 Amusement rides, devices or attractions where the passenger carriers are guided by a rail or track system.

    1.6.7 Parade floats.

    1.7 This standard practice does not purport to address all of the hazards associated with hayride attractions. The practice’s existence alone will not prevent injuries. Like other physical activities, hayride attraction use involves the risk of injury, particularly if the equipment is used improperly or if users fail to follow the posted rules or fail to follow attendant’s instructions. The text of this standard practice references notes and footnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.

    1.8 This practice includes an appendix (non-mandatory), which provides additional information (for example, rationale, background, interpretations, drawings, commentary and so forth) to improve the user’s understanding and application of the criteria presented in this practice. The appendix information shall not be interpreted as mandatory criteria.

    1.9 This standard includes the following sections:





    Referenced Documents




    Significance and Use




    Ownership, Operation, Maintenance, Inspection and Training Requirements






    Loading and Unloading


    Owner Responsibilities


    Inspection Program


    Maintenance of Tow Vehicles and Wagons/Trailers


    Driver Training


    Driving Speeds


    Operating on Non-Private Roads


    Communication System


    Emergency Access


    Emergency Response/Evacuation


    Employee/Actor Safety


    Patron Education


    Patron Responsibility


    Incident Reports







    Appendix X1

    1.10 Units—The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.11 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.12 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    F747 Terminology Relating to Amusement Rides and Devices

    F770 Practice for Ownership, Operation, Maintenance, and Inspection of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F1193 Practice for Quality, Manufacture, and Construction of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F2291 Practice for Design of Amusement Rides and Devices

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 03.200.99 (Other standards relating to leisure and tourism); 97.200.40 (Playgrounds)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/F3168-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM F3168-20, Standard Practice for Hayride Attractions, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020,

    Back to Top