ASTM F3144 - 15

    Standard Guide for Evaluating Trailing Search Dog Crews or Teams

    Active Standard ASTM F3144 | Developed by Subcommittee: F32.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 13.02


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 5 $48.00   ADD TO CART
    Hardcopy (shipping and handling) 5 $48.00   ADD TO CART



    Significance and Use

    4.1 A trailing search dog crew or team is required to have, at a minimum, the knowledge, skills, and abilities outlined within this guide.

    4.1.1 A trailing search dog crew or team that meets the requirements of this guide is a Trailing Canine Search Resource, as defined in Classification F1848.

    4.2 Trailing search dogs that meet the requirements of this guide shall be tested by the AHJ using an aged trail of 6-12 h or as determined by the AHJ. Ages for competency trails shall take into consideration a minimum age, which should approximate the average response time for search dog crews.

    4.3 This guide only establishes the minimum knowledge, skills, and abilities required for a trailing search dog crew or team to perform trail searches. No other skills are included or implied.

    4.4 This guide is an outline of the topics required for training or evaluating a trailing search dog team or crew, and may be used to assist in the development of a training document or program.

    4.5 This guide can be used to evaluate a document to determine if its content includes the topics necessary for training trailing search dog crews or teams. Likewise, this guide can be used to evaluate an existing training program to see if it meets the requirements in this guide.

    4.6 The knowledge, skills, and abilities presented in this guide are not in any particular order and do not represent a training sequence.

    4.7 Though this guide establishes minimum training requirements, it does not imply that a trailing search dog team or crew is a “trainee,” “probationary,” or other similarly termed part of an organization.

    4.7.1 The AHJ is responsible for determining the requirements and qualifications for its member ratings.

    4.8 A trailing search dog crew or team shall document training by completion of a position task book, compliant with Guide F3068, or by field demonstration under qualified supervision. Where proficiency in a skill or ability must be demonstrated, unless otherwise stated, it shall be demonstrated for initial qualification, and then as often as required by the AHJ.

    4.9 A trailing search dog crew or team shall demonstrate its competency at a frequency set by the AHJ.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide defines the knowledge, skills, and abilities required for a dog crew or team to perform a trailing search.

    1.2 Trailing search dog crews or teams perform searches on the surface of the land, including open urban or wilderness areas, as well as mountainous terrain, and alpine environments.

    1.2.1 Additional training shall be required for trailing search dog crews or teams that search in mountainous terrain, alpine environments, and in caves, mines, and tunnels.

    1.3 This guide does not include the knowledge, skills, and abilities required to search in partially or fully collapsed structures, confined spaces, or on bodies of water, inland or oceanic.

    1.4 Trailing search dog crews or teams trained to meet the requirements of this guide may operate in urban and disaster areas that may be isolated, or have lost their infrastructure.

    1.5 Trailing search dog crews or teams must work under qualified supervision deemed appropriate by the AHJ.

    1.6 Search dog crews or teams are eligible to be members of Type I and II SAR crews or teams of the following Kinds, as defined in Classification F1993:

    1.6.1 Kind A (Wilderness);

    1.6.2 Kind B (Urban);

    1.6.3 Kind C (Mountainous);

    1.6.4 Kind G (Cave);

    1.6.5 Kind H (Mine);

    1.6.6 Kind I (Avalanche);

    1.6.7 Kind K (Aircraft); and

    1.6.8 Kind L (Unclassified).

    1.7 Further training may be required before a trailing search dog crew or team can fully participate on a particular Type and Kind of team or crew, based on specific local need, regulations, or policies.

    1.8 This guide does not provide a theoretical basis for how a trailing search dog crew or team functions.

    1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    F1633 Guide for Techniques in Land Search

    F1773 Terminology Relating to Climbing, Mountaineering, Search and Rescue Equipment and Practices

    F1847 Guide for Minimum Training of Search Dog Crews or Teams

    F1848 Classification System for Canine Search Resources

    F1879 Guide for Demonstrating Obedience and Agility in Search and Rescue Dogs

    F1993 Classification System of Human Search and Rescue Resources

    F2209 Guide for Training of Land Search Team Member

    F2685 Guide for Training of a Land Search Team Leader (STL)

    F3068 Guide for Contents and Use of a Position Task Book (PTB)

    F3072 Guide for Intermediate Wilderness GPS/GNSS Use (GPS/GNSS-IIW) Endorsement

    Other References

    National Search and Rescue Council Land Search and Rescue Addendum to the National Search and Rescue Supplement to the International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue Manual, version 1.0 (November 2011)

    SWGDOG Approved Guideline

    United States Department of Agriculture Work Capacity Testing for Wildland Firefighters (March 2002)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 11.160 (First aid); 13.200 (Accident and disaster control)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 92101901(Search and rescue teams)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/F3144-15

    Citation Format

    ASTM F3144-15, Standard Guide for Evaluating Trailing Search Dog Crews or Teams, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.org

    Back to Top