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    ASTM F3139 - 15

    Standard Test Method for Analysis of Tin-Based Solder Alloys for Minor and Trace Elements Using Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry

    Active Standard ASTM F3139 | Developed by Subcommittee: F40.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 10.04

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    Significance and Use

    4.1 Tin-based solder alloys are commonly used to manufacture electrical and electronic goods. The elements lead, cadmium, mercury, antimony and bismuth are often declarable substances in solder materials. This test method provides a means of determining the listed declarable substances, as well as other minor and trace constituents, in tin-based solder alloys.

    4.2 Two methods of dissolving tin-based solder alloys are given in this standard. The first method uses open-vessel hydrofluoric and nitric acid room temperature digestions; the second method employs closed-vessel nitric and hydrofluoric acid microwave digestions, both for use only with ICP-AES instruments equipped with a hydrofluoric acid resistant sample introduction system.

    4.3 The method of preparing calibration solutions uses 1000 mg/kg single element reference material solutions, and uses matching concentrated acids for both the calibration solutions and the sample solutions.

    4.4 This test method is intended for use by laboratories experienced with the set-up, calibration and analysis of samples using ICP-AES.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers procedures for the analysis of tin-based solder alloys for minor and trace elements using inductively-coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) instrumentation.

    1.2 These test procedures were validated for the analytes and mass fractions listed below.


    Validated Mass Fraction
    Range, mg/kg




    115 to 965


    25 to 60


    5 to 530


    85 to 1330


    80 to 210


    95 to 360


    4000 to 42100


    0.5 to 60


    15 to 115


    0.5 to 1.5


    3000 to 30600


    25 to 115


    5 to 150


    10 to 110


    1 to 30


    2 to 160


    1 to 3

    1.3 The procedures appear in the following order:



    Internal Standardization


    Calibration Solution Preparations


    Preparation of Sample and Validation Solutions




    Analysis Procedure


    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. Any other values are for information only.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E416 Practice for Planning and Safe Operation of a Spectrochemical Laboratory

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    E1479 Practice for Describing and Specifying Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometers

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 25.220.40 (Metallic coatings)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 41115411(Inductively coupled plasma ICP spectrometers); 23271806(Solder)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/F3139-15

    Citation Format

    ASTM F3139-15, Standard Test Method for Analysis of Tin-Based Solder Alloys for Minor and Trace Elements Using Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.org

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