ASTM F3078 - 15

    Standard Test Method for Identification and Quantification of Lead in Paint and Similar Coating Materials using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (EDXRF)

    Active Standard ASTM F3078 | Developed by Subcommittee: F40.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 10.04


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method provides for analysis of Pb in applied paint using measurement times on the order of several minutes. It can be used to determine whether the sample of applied paint has an areal mass of Pb either substantially less than a specification limit, and therefore does not exceed it, or substantially above the specified limit, and therefore exceeds it.

    5.2 If the value obtained with this test method falls close to a specification limit, a more precise test method may be required to positively determine whether Pb content does or does not exceed the specified limit.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method describes an energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) procedure for determining the areal mass of Pb in mass per unit area in paint and similar coatings on common substrates of toys and consumer products, such as plastic, wood, steel, aluminum, zinc alloys or fabric.

    1.2 This test method is applicable for homogeneous, single layer paint or similar coatings. The method does not apply to metallic coatings.

    1.3 This test method is applicable for a range of Pb mass per unit area from 0.36 μg/cm2 to approximately 10 μg/cm2 for Pb in paint and similar coatings applied on common substrates. The lower limit of this test method is between 0.36 and 0.75 μg/cm2 depending on the nature of the substrate. Based on the results obtained during the interlaboratory study (ASTM Report F40-1004), it is estimated that the applicable range of this method can be extended up to 50 μg/cm2.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. Values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C693 Test Method for Density of Glass by Buoyancy

    D16 Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D1005 Test Method for Measurement of Dry-Film Thickness of Organic Coatings Using Micrometers

    D6132 Test Method for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Applied Organic Coatings Using an Ultrasonic Coating Thickness Gage

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

    D7091 Practice for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonmagnetic Coatings Applied to Ferrous Metals and Nonmagnetic, Nonconductive Coatings Applied to Non-Ferrous Metals

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    F2576 Terminology Relating to Declarable Substances in Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31211500(Paints and primers)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/F3078-15

    Citation Format

    ASTM F3078-15, Standard Test Method for Identification and Quantification of Lead in Paint and Similar Coating Materials using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (EDXRF), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.org

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