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This specification covers the requirements and corresponding test methods for outside diameter controlled, black metric-sized and IPS-sized crosslinked polyethylene (PEX) pipe, fittings and joints, made in pipe dimension ratios ranging from 6 to 17, and pressure rated for gas distribution. Included are requirements and test methods for material, workmanship, dimensions, burst pressure, hydrostatic sustained pressure, stabilizer functionality, bent-pipe hydrostatic pressure, degree of crosslinking, chemical resistance, and squeeze-off. Requirements for pipe and fittings markings are also provided, along with quality assurance. The pipe, fittings and joints covered by this specification are intended for buried gas distribution pressure piping applications. Several tables list the PEX pipe material designation codes; metric-sized outside diameters and tolerances for PEX pipe; inch-sized outside diameters and tolerances for PEX pipe; metric-sized wall thickness and tolerances for PEX plastic pipe; inch-sized wall thickness and tolerances for PEX plastic pipe; and pipe category.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers outside diameter controlled, black metric-sized and IPS-sized crosslinked polyethylene (PEX) pipe, fittings and joints, made in pipe dimension ratios ranging from 6 to 17, and pressure rated for gas distribution. Included are requirements and test methods for material, workmanship, dimensions, burst pressure, hydrostatic sustained pressure, stabilizer functionality, bent-pipe hydrostatic pressure, degree of crosslinking, chemical resistance, and squeeze-off. Requirements for pipe and fittings markings are also given. The pipe, fittings and joints covered by this specification are intended for buried gas distribution and gas transmission pressure piping applications.
1.2 The text of this specification references notes, footnotes, and appendixes, which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification.
1.3 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
Note 1: Metric sized (SI units) pipe should only be joined with corresponding metric sized fittings, and inch sized pipe should only be joined with corresponding inch sized fittings. Inch sized fittings should not be used for metric sized pipe, and metric sized fittings should not be used for inch sized pipe.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D543 Practices for Evaluating the Resistance of Plastics to Chemical Reagents
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement
D1505 Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density-Gradient Technique
D1598 Test Method for Time-to-Failure of Plastic Pipe Under Constant Internal Pressure
D1599 Test Method for Resistance to Short-Time Hydraulic Pressure of Plastic Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D1603 Test Method for Carbon Black Content in Olefin Plastics
D2122 Test Method for Determining Dimensions of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings
D2290 Test Method for Apparent Hoop Tensile Strength of Plastic or Reinforced Plastic Pipe
D2765 Test Methods for Determination of Gel Content and Swell Ratio of Crosslinked Ethylene Plastics
D2837 Test Method for Obtaining Hydrostatic Design Basis for Thermoplastic Pipe Materials or Pressure Design Basis for Thermoplastic Pipe Products
D4218 Test Method for Determination of Carbon Black Content in Polyethylene Compounds By the Muffle-Furnace Technique
F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems
F876 Specification for Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing
F1041 Guide for Squeeze-Off of Polyolefin Gas Pressure Pipe and Tubing
F1055 Specification for Electrofusion Type Polyethylene Fittings for Outside Diameter Controlled Polyethylene and Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Pipe and Tubing
F1563 Specification for Tools to Squeeze-off Polyethylene (PE) Gas Pipe or Tubing
F1948 Specification for Metallic Mechanical Fittings for Use on Outside Diameter Controlled Thermoplastic Gas Distribution Pipe and Tubing
F2897 Specification for Tracking and Traceability Encoding System of Natural Gas Distribution Components (Pipe, Tubing, Fittings, Valves, and Appurtenances)
ISO StandardsISO 1167 Thermoplastics pipes, fittings and assemblies for the conveyance of fluids -- Determination of the resistance to internal pressure -- Part 1: General method ISO 14531-2 Plastics pipes and fittings -- Crosslinked polyethylene (PE-X) pipe systems for the conveyance of gaseous fuels -- Metric series -- Specifications -- Part 2: Fittings for heat-fusion jointing ISO 14531-3 Plastics pipes and fittings -- Crosslinked polyethylene (PE-X) pipe systems for the conveyance of gaseous fuels -- Metric series -- Specifications -- Part 3: Fittings for mechanical jointing (including PE-X/metal transitions)
Federal StandardFED-STD-123 Marking for Shipment (Civil Agencies)
Military StandardMIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage
ICS Number Code 23.040.20 (Plastic pipes); 23.100.40 (Piping and coupling); 91.140.40 (Gas supply systems)
UNSPSC Code 13111076(Cross linked polyethylene PEX); 40141700(Hardware and fittings)
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ASTM F2968 / F2968M-14a, Standard Specification for Black Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Pipe, Fittings and Joints For Gas Distribution Applications, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.orgBack to Top