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Significance and Use
4.1 As with other hazardous materials protective ensembles, air-fed protective ensembles include clothing and equipment items needed for dermal and respiratory protection, including protective suits, gloves, footwear, and eye/face protection. Unlike other protective ensembles, air-fed protective ensembles do not use separate respiratory protective devices such as self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) or non-powered air-purifying respirators (APRs).
4.1.1 Those types of respirators normally have a tight-fitting face piece that provides inhalation hazard protection and dermal exposure protection to the face, eyes, nose, and mouth.
4.1.2 Air-fed protective ensembles are worn without the use of a separate respirator. The entire suit serves as the respiratory protective device and also provides dermal exposure protection. The wearer breathes supplied air or filtered air pumped into the protective suit.
4.2 Air-fed protective ensembles are used to protect workers in a number of applications.
4.2.1 These include, but are not limited to: chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturing, remediation of hazardous materials sites, use against highly infectious biological agents in Biosafety Level 4 laboratories, and for protection of workers involved in nuclear and radiological facilities, where it is possible radioactive particles will be encountered.
4.3 The requirements of this specification have been partly based on the NFPA 1991 and NFPA 1994 standards, which establish criteria for vapor-protective ensembles used in hazardous materials emergencies. NFPA 1991 establishes requirements for a protective ensemble that encapsulates the wearer and the breathing apparatus. NFPA 1994 establishes requirements for a protective ensemble under Class 1 requirements that in some configurations encapsulates the wearer and the breathing apparatus.
4.3.1 In this specification, a breathing apparatus is not worn inside the suit, but instead breathing air is connected to the suit either via an external air line or respiratory protective equipment that is externally connected to the suit wall. Extensive criteria for the integrity of the overall ensemble are applied through design and performance requirements. This allows for different configurations of a protective ensemble that incorporates a hooded visor, protective gloves, protective footwear, and the respiratory protective equipment.
4.4 The qualification of the respiratory protective equipment is addressed by the applicable requirements for respirators established in 42 CFR Part 84. As such, the entire air-fed ensemble is subject to certification by NIOSH in addition to meeting the requirements in this specification.
4.5 This specification establishes classifications for the protective ensemble. The classifications include one that is determined by the configuration of the protective ensemble and one that concerns the use of the protective ensemble.
4.5.1 A protective ensemble can be classified as an “air line protective ensemble” or a “PAPR-based air-fed protective ensemble.” Under each of these classifications, protective ensembles can be further classified as “limited use” and “multiple use.”
4.5.2 These classifications account for differences in the configuration of the air supply and material strength and durability. These classifications do not account for the decontamination effectiveness of multiple-use ensembles.
4.6 In recognition of the potential diverse applications to which the protective ensemble can be used, documentation requirements are provided for manufacturers to base claims for permeation resistance of ensemble materials against specific chemicals or for claims of ensemble material performance against blood-borne (or liquid-borne) pathogens. Similar requirements are established for the respiratory protective equipment, when this equipment is based on the use of filters, cartridges, or canisters.
4.7 The requirements in the certification section are based on the recommendations provided for conformity assessment example category B in Annex A2 of Guide . This category specifies that the supplier provides a declaration of conformity with testing conducted at an independent laboratory that is accredited to ISO 17025 and manufacturer quality management system that is registered to ISO 9001 with the appropriate scope for air-fed ensembles, and with manufacturer/supplier periodic monitoring of continuing conformity. The manufacturer is permitted to exceed these requirements.
1.1 This specification establishes design, performance, classification, documentation, labeling, and certification requirements for protective ensembles that deliver air to the wearer by means of an air line or powered air purifying respirator (PAPR).
1.2 As a prerequisite to this specification, regulations within Title 42 Federal Code of Regulations, Part 84 are used to establish the conformance of the air-fed protective ensemble to respiratory protection requirements.
1.3 This specification addresses protective ensembles used for environments involving chemical, biological, and radiological/nuclear particulate hazards.
1.4 This specification sets specific criteria for air-fed protective ensembles used to prevent exposure to substances such as, but not limited to, chemical hazards, infectious microorganisms requiring Biosafety Level 4 (BLS4) protection, and environments where it is possible radiological or nuclear particulates will be found.
1.5 This specification is further used for classification of the protective ensemble as limited use or multiple use.
1.6 The values stated in SI units or in other units shall be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system must be used independently of the other, without combining values in any way.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D751 Test Methods for Coated Fabrics
D1776 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles
D2582 Test Method for Puncture-Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting
D3787 Test Method for Bursting Strength of TextilesConstant-Rate-of-Traverse (CRT) Ball Burst Test
D3884 Guide for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Rotary Platform, Double-Head Method)
D4157 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Oscillatory Cylinder Method)
D5034 Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)
D5151 Test Method for Detection of Holes in Medical Gloves
D5587 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Trapezoid Procedure
F392 Test Method for Flex Durability of Flexible Barrier Materials
F739 Test Method for Permeation of Liquids and Gases through Protective Clothing Materials under Conditions of Continuous Contact
F903 Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Liquids
F1052 Test Method for Pressure Testing Vapor Protective Suits
F1154 Practices for Qualitatively Evaluating the Comfort, Fit, Function, and Durability of Protective Ensembles and Ensemble Components
F1342 Test Method for Protective Clothing Material Resistance to Puncture
F1359 Test Method for Liquid Penetration Resistance of Protective Clothing or Protective Ensembles Under a Shower Spray While on a Mannequin
F1494 Terminology Relating to Protective Clothing
F1671 Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Blood-Borne Pathogens Using Phi-X174 Bacteriophage Penetration as a Test System
F1790 Test Method for Measuring Cut Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing with CPP Test Equipment
F2010 Test Method for Evaluation of Glove Effects on Wearer Hand Dexterity Using a Modified Pegboard Test
F2061 Practice for Chemical Protective Clothing: Wearing, Care, and Maintenance Instructions
F2413 Specification for Performance Requirements for Protective (Safety) Toe Cap Footwear
F2913 Test Method for Measuring the Coefficient of Friction for Evaluation of Slip Performance of Footwear and Test Surfaces/Flooring Using a Whole Shoe Tester
NFPA StandardsNFPA 1991:2016 Standard on Vapor-Protective Ensembles for Hazardous Materials Emergencies and CBRN Terrorism Incidents NFPA 1994:2018 Standard on Protective Ensembles for First Responders to Hazardous Materials Emergencies and CBRN Terrorism Incidents
Federal Standards42 CFR Part 84 Approval of Respiratory Protective Devices
ICS Number Code 13.340.30 (Respiratory protective equipment)
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ASTM F2704-17a, Standard Specification for Air-Fed Protective Ensembles, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.orgBack to Top