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Significance and Use
4.1 Resistivity is a primary quantity for characterization and specification of coated glass plates used for flat panel displays. Sheet resistance is also a primary quantity for characterization, specification, and monitoring of thin film fabrication processes.
4.2 This practice requires no specimen preparation.
4.3 The eddy current method is non-destructive to the thin film being measured. Special geometrical correction factors, needed for some four-point probe electrical resistivity measurements, are not required to derive the true sheet resistance so long as the transducers have a continuous layer of conductive thin film between them.
4.4 Test Methods refers to a testing arrangement in which the transducers and specimen (a semiconductor grade silicon wafer) are rigidly positioned. Similar apparatus is commercially available for testing large glass or plastic substrates, not envisioned in the scope of Test Methods . A hand held probe can also be used, depending on throat depth required.
4.5 For use as a referee method, the probe and measuring apparatus must first be checked and qualified before use by the procedures of Test Methods (9.1.1 through 9.1.3 and 126.96.36.199 through 188.8.131.52), then this practice is used.
4.6 For use as a routine quality assurance method, this practice may be employed with periodic qualifications of probe and measuring apparatus by the procedures of Test Methods (9.1.1 through 9.1.3 and 184.108.40.206 through 220.127.116.11). The parties to the test must agree upon adequate qualification intervals for the test apparatus.
1.1 This practice describes methods for measuring the sheet electrical resistance of sputtered thin conductive films deposited on large insulating substrates (glass or plastic), used in making flat panel information displays.
1.2 This practice is intended to be used with Test Methods . This practice pertains to a “manual” measurement procedure in which an operator positions the measuring head on the test specimen and then personally activates the test apparatus. The resulting test data may be tabulated by the operator, or, alternatively, sent to a computer-based data logging system. Both Methods I and II of Test Methods (paragraphs 3.1 through 3.3.3 of Test Methods ) are applicable to this practice.
1.3 Sheet resistivity in the range 0.020 to 3000 Ω per square (sheet conductance in the range 3 by 10–4 to 50 mhos per square) may be measured by this practice. The sheet resistance is assumed to be uniform in the area being probed.
Note 1: Typical manual test units, as described in this practice, measure and report in the units “mhos per square”; this is the inverse of “ohms per square.”
1.4 This practice is applicable to flat surfaces only.
1.5 This practice is non-destructive. It may be used on production panels to help assure production uniformity.
1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
F673 Test Methods for Measuring Resistivity of Semiconductor Slices or Sheet Resistance of Semiconductor Films with a Noncontact Eddy-Current Gage
ICS Number Code 31.120 (Electronic display devices)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM F1844-97(2016), Standard Practice for Measuring Sheet Resistance of Thin Film Conductors For Flat Panel Display Manufacturing Using a Noncontact Eddy Current Gage, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top