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Significance and Use
5.1 This test method can be used to quantify and compare the insulation provided by sleeping bags or sleeping bag systems. It can be used for material and design evaluations.
5.2 The measurement of the insulation provided by clothing (see Test Method , ISO 15831) and sleeping bags (ISO 23537) is complex and dependent on the apparatus and techniques used. It is not practical in a test method of this scope to establish details sufficient to cover all contingencies. It is feasible that departures from the instructions in this test method will lead to significantly different test results. Technical knowledge concerning the theory of heat transfer, temperature and air motion measurement, and testing practices is needed to evaluate which departures from the instructions given in this test method are significant. Standardization of the method reduces, but does not eliminate, the need for such technical knowledge. Any departures need to be reported with the results.
1.1 This test method covers determination of the insulation value of a sleeping bag or sleeping bag system. It measures the resistance to dry heat transfer from a constant skin temperature manikin to a relatively cold environment. This is a static test that generates reproducible results, but the manikin cannot simulate real life sleeping conditions relating to some human and environmental factors, examples of which are listed in the introduction.
1.2 The insulation values obtained apply only to the sleeping bag or sleeping bag system, as tested, and for the specified thermal and environmental conditions of each test, particularly with respect to air movement past the manikin.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
F1291 Test Method for Measuring the Thermal Insulation of Clothing Using a Heated Manikin
ISO StandardsISO 15831 2004 ClothingPhysiological EffectsMeasurement of Thermal Insulation by Means of a Thermal Manikin ISO 23537-1 2016 Requirements for Sleeping Bags Part 1: Thermal and Dimensional Requirements
ICS Number Code 17.200.10 (Heat. Calorimetry); 59.080.99 (Other products of the textile industry)
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ASTM F1720-17, Standard Test Method for Measuring Thermal Insulation of Sleeping Bags Using a Heated Manikin, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.orgBack to Top