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    ASTM F1487 - 21

    Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Playground Equipment for Public Use

    Active Standard ASTM F1487 | Developed by Subcommittee: F15.29

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.11

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    1. Scope

    1.1 This consumer safety performance specification provides safety and performance standards for various types of public playground equipment and dimensional requirements for their clearance and use zones. Its purpose is to reduce life-threatening and debilitating injuries.

    1.2 The range of users encompassed by this consumer safety performance specification is the 5th percentile 2-year-old through the 95th percentile 12-year-old.

    1.3 Home playground equipment, toys, amusement rides, sports equipment, fitness equipment intended for users over the age of 12, public use play equipment for children 6 to 24 months, and soft contained play equipment are not included in this specification.

    1.4 Products or materials (site furnishings) that are installed outside the equipment use zone, such as benches, tables, independent shade structures, and borders used to contain protective surfacing, are not considered playground equipment and are not included in this specification.

    1.5 This specification does not address accessibility, except as it pertains to safety issues not covered in the DOJ 2010 Standard for Accessible Design.

    1.6 This consumer safety performance specification includes the following sections:


    Section Number





    Referenced Documents




    Materials and Manufacture


    General Requirements


    Performance Requirements


    Requirements for Access/Egress




    Playground Layout






    Structural Integrity




    Signs or Labels, or Both


    Manufacturer Identification





    Annex A1

    Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (HIRA)

    Appendix X1

    1.6.1 The requirements in this specification are designed to mitigate the hazards typically presented by various types of equipment. New equipment may not specifically fit into the designated types listed in the specification; however, the designer or manufacturer, or both, shall use professional judgment to perform and document a hazard analysis and follow appropriate requirements to mitigate the hazards.

    Note 1: See Appendix X1 at the end of this standard to find more information on how one might conduct such an assessment as stated in this section.

    1.7 General Measures, Tolerances, and Conversions: 

    1.7.1 The general tolerances for this specification (unless otherwise specified) are as follows:



    X in.

    ±0.5 in.

    X.X in.

    ±0.05 in.

    X.XX in.

    ±0.005 in.

    These tolerances still apply to a dimension even when terms like greater than, less than, minimum, or maximum are used.

    1.7.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only.

    1.7.3 The conversion factor from inch-pound to metric units is 1 in. = 25.4 mm, and 1 lb = 0.45359 kg.

    1.7.4 See Annex A1 for figures referenced throughout this specification.

    1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D2240 Test Method for Rubber PropertyDurometer Hardness

    F355 Test Method for Impact Attenuation of Playing Surface Systems, Other Protective Sport Systems, and Materials Used for Athletics, Recreation and Play

    F698 Specification for Physical Information to be Provided for Amusement Rides and Devices

    F846 Guide for Testing Performance of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F853 Practice for Maintenance Procedures for Amusement Rides and Devices

    F893 Guide for Auditing Amusement Rides and Devices

    F963 Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety

    F1004 Consumer Safety Specification for Expansion Gates and Expandable Enclosures

    F1148 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Home Playground Equipment

    F1159 Practice for Design of Amusement Rides and Devices that are Outside the Purview of Other F24 Design Standards

    F1292 Specification for Impact Attenuation of Surfacing Materials Within the Use Zone of Playground Equipment

    F1918 Safety Performance Specification for Soft Contained Play Equipment

    F1951 Specification for Determination of Accessibility of Surface Systems Under and Around Playground Equipment

    F2373 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Public Use Play Equipment for Children 6 Months through 23 Months

    F3313 Test Method for Determining Impact Attenuation of Playground Surfaces Within the Use Zone of Playground Equipment as Tested in the Field

    F3351 Test Method for Playground Surface Impact Testing in Laboratory at Specified Test Height

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 97.200.40 (Playgrounds)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/F1487-21

    Citation Format

    ASTM F1487-21, Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Playground Equipment for Public Use, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.org

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