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    ASTM F1478-17

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Abrasion Resistance of Images Produced from Copiers and Printers (Taber Method) (Withdrawn 2020)

    Withdrawn Standard: ASTM F1478-17 | Developed by Subcommittee: F05.04


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    Withdrawn Rationale:

    This test method covers a procedure for determining the amount of image abraded from the surface of a document.

    Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee F05 on Business Imaging Products, this test method was withdrawn without replacement in August 2020 due to lack of activity and industry participation.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a procedure for determining the amount of image abraded from the surface of a document.

    1.2 This test method may be used to evaluate the abrasion resistance of images produced by business imaging products, including nonimpact printers, thermal transfer printers, and copiers. The machine shall be capable of producing the specified image.

    1.3 Testing focuses on determining the amount of imaged material removed, resulting from forces which impart a rubbing or grinding action principally on the top surface of the image.

    1.4 Comparison may be made between various imaging devices or the image-producing components of an individual machine.

    1.5 Other test methods employing the Crockmeter and Sutherland Rub Tester may be used to evaluate the smudge and abrasion characteristics. Results by these test methods are not necessarily equivalent to those obtained by this test method.

    1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    F335 Terminology Relating to Electrostatic Copying

    F1319 Test Method for Determination of Abrasion and Smudge Resistance of Images Produced from Business Copy Products (Crockmeter Method)

    F1571 Test Method for Determination of Abrasion and Smudge Resistance of Images Produced from Business Copy Products (Sutherland Method)

    F2497 Practice for Abrasion and Scuff Resistance of Inkjet Media by the Sutherland Rub Tester

    G195 Guide for Conducting Wear Tests Using a Rotary Platform Abraser

    ISO Standards

    ISO 5-3 Photography and graphic technology Density measurements Part 3: Spectral conditions

    ISO 5-4 Photography and graphic technology Density measurements Part 4: Geometric conditions for reflection density


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/F1478-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM F1478-17, Standard Test Method for Determination of Abrasion Resistance of Images Produced from Copiers and Printers (Taber Method) (Withdrawn 2020), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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