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This guide provides guidance for use of selected process wastes as structural fills by listing representative test methods for predicting and evaluating those physical characteristics of waste that are related to the integrity of fills and to protection of ground and surface waters.
Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D18 on Soil and Rock, this guide was withdrawn in January 2019 in accordance with section 10.6.3 of the Regulations Governing ASTM Technical Committees, which requires that standards shall be updated by the end of the eighth year since the last approval date.
1.1 This guide provides guidance for use of selected process wastes as structural fills by listing representative test methods for predicting and evaluating those physical characteristics of waste that are related to the integrity of fills and to protection of ground and surface waters.
1.2 Table 1 lists references which provide engineering practices and test procedures that may be applied to process waste for use as structural fill.
1.3 This guide includes approaches for the environmental assessment of process wastes prior to application.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C294 Descriptive Nomenclature for Constituents of Concrete Aggregates
C295 Guide for Petrographic Examination of Aggregates for Concrete
C593 Specification for Fly Ash and Other Pozzolans for Use With Lime for Soil Stabilization
C821 Specification for Lime for Use with Pozzolans
D420 Guide to Site Characterization for Engineering Design and Construction Purposes
D421 Practice for Dry Preparation of Soil Samples for Particle-Size Analysis and Determination of Soil Constants
D422 Test Method for Particle-Size Analysis of Soils
D559 Test Methods for Wetting and Drying Compacted Soil-Cement Mixtures
D560 Test Methods for Freezing and Thawing Compacted Soil-Cement Mixtures
D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
D698 Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12,400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))
D854 Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Soil Solids by Water Pycnometer
D1140 Test Methods for Determining the Amount of Material Finer than 75-m (No. 200) Sieve in Soils by Washing
D1452 Practice for Soil Exploration and Sampling by Auger Borings
D1556 Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by Sand-Cone Method
D1557 Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))
D1586 Test Method for Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils
D1587 Practice for Thin-Walled Tube Sampling of Fine-Grained Soils for Geotechnical Purposes
D1633 Test Methods for Compressive Strength of Molded Soil-Cement Cylinders
D2049 Test Method for Relative Density of Cohesionless Soils
D2166 Test Method for Unconfined Compressive Strength of Cohesive Soil
D2167 Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by the Rubber Balloon Method
D2216 Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass
D2434 Test Method for Permeability of Granular Soils (Constant Head)
D2487 Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)
D2488 Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)
D2573 Test Method for Field Vane Shear Test in Saturated Fine-Grained Soils
D2664 Test Method for Triaxial Compressive Strength of Undrained Rock Core Specimens Without Pore Pressure Measurements
D2850 Test Method for Unconsolidated-Undrained Triaxial Compression Test on Cohesive Soils
D2937 Test Method for Density of Soil in Place by the Drive-Cylinder Method
D3080 Test Method for Direct Shear Test of Soils Under Consolidated Drained Conditions
D3974 Practices for Extraction of Trace Elements from Sediments
D3987 Practice for Shake Extraction of Solid Waste with Water
D4318 Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils
D5084 Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter
D6938 Test Methods for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)
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ASTM E850-10, Standard Guide for Characterization of Inorganic Process Wastes for Use as Structural Fill (Withdrawn 2019), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.orgBack to Top