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Significance and Use
5.1 Absolute and comparative methods provide a measure for sorting large quantities of nonferrous parts or stock with regard to composition or condition, or both.
5.2 The comparative or two-coil method is used when high-sensitivity examination is required. The advantage of this method is that it almost completely suppresses interferences.
5.3 The ability to accomplish these types of separations satisfactorily is dependent upon the relation of the electric characteristics of the nonferrous parts to their physical condition.
5.4 These methods may be used for high-speed sorting in a fully automated setup where the speed of examination may approach many specimens per second depending on their size and shape.
5.5 Successful sorting of nonferrous material depends mainly on the variables present in the sample and the proper selection of frequency and fill factor.
5.6 The accuracy of a sort will be affected greatly by the coupling between the test coil field and the examined part during the measuring period.
1.1 This practice describes a procedure for sorting nonferrous metals using the electromagnetic (eddy current) method. The procedure is intended for use with instruments using absolute or comparator-type coils for distinguishing variations in mass, shape, conductivity, and other variables such as alloy, heat treatment, or hardness that may be closely correlated with the electrical properties of the material. Selection of samples to evaluate sorting feasibility and to establish standards is also described.
1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
AIA StandardNAS-410 Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel
ASNT DocumentsANSI/ASNT CP-189 Standard for Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel SNT-TC-1A Recommended Practice for Personnel Qualification and Certification in Nondestructive Testing
E105 Practice for Probability Sampling of Materials
E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process
E543 Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing
E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
ICS Number Code 77.120.01 (Non-ferrous metals in general)
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ASTM E703-20, Standard Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy Current) Sorting of Nonferrous Metals, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top