ASTM E572 - 13

    Standard Test Method for Analysis of Stainless and Alloy Steels by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    Active Standard ASTM E572 | Developed by Subcommittee: E01.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.05

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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This procedure is suitable for manufacturing control and for verifying that the product meets specifications. It provides rapid, multi-element determinations with sufficient accuracy to assure product quality. The analytical performance data included may be used as a benchmark to determine if similar X-ray spectrometers provide equivalent precision and accuracy, or if the performance of a particular spectrometer has changed.

    5.2 It is expected that this standard will be employed by analysts knowledgeable in the field of X-ray fluorescence spectrometry and experienced in the use of the apparatus specified in this standard.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method2 covers the analysis of stainless and alloy steels by wavelength dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry for the determination of the following elements:


    Range, Mass Fraction %


    1 to 25


    0.05 to 0.45


    0.06 to 3.5


    0.3 to 5.5


    0.05 to 3.5


    0.7 to 35


    0.06 to 1.3


    0.01 to 0.03


    0.2 to 2


    0.02 to 0.35


    0.013 to 0.5


    0.04 to 0.25

    Note 1Mass fraction ranges can be extended upward by demonstration of accurate calibrations using suitable reference materials.

    1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 10.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    E1361 Guide for Correction of Interelement Effects in X-Ray Spectrometric Analysis

    E1621 Guide for Elemental Analysis by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.140.20 (Steels of high quality)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11171600(Stainless steel alloys); 41115403(Spectrometers)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/E0572-13

    Citation Format

    ASTM E572-13, Standard Test Method for Analysis of Stainless and Alloy Steels by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013,

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