ASTM E566 - 14

    Standard Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy Current) Sorting of Ferrous Metals

    Active Standard ASTM E566 | Developed by Subcommittee: E07.07

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.03

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 5 $48.00   ADD TO CART
    Hardcopy (shipping and handling) 5 $48.00   ADD TO CART
    Standard + Redline PDF Bundle 10 $58.00   ADD TO CART

    Significance and Use

    5.1 Absolute and comparative methods provide a means for sorting large quantities of ferrous parts of stock with regard to composition, condition, structure, or processing, or a combination thereof.

    5.2 The comparative or two-coil method is used when high-sensitivity testing is required. The advantage of this method is that it almost completely suppresses all internal or external disturbances such as temperature variations or stray magnetic fields. The two-coil method is normally used when harmonic evaluation is employed for sorting.

    5.3 The ability to accomplish satisfactorily these types of separations is dependent upon the relation of the magnetic characteristics of the ferromagnetic parts to their physical condition.

    5.4 These methods may be used for high-speed sorting in a fully automated setup where the speed of testing may approach ten specimens per second depending on their size and shape.

    5.5 The success of sorting ferromagnetic material depends mainly on the proper selection of magnetic field strength and frequency of signal in the test coil, fill factor, and variables present in the sample.

    5.6 The degree of accuracy of a sort will be affected greatly by the coupling between the test coil field and the test specimen and the accuracy with which the specimen is held in the test coil field during the measuring period.

    5.7 When high currents are used in the test coil, a means should be provided to maintain a constant temperature of the reference standard in order to minimize measurement drift.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers the procedure for sorting ferrous metals using the electromagnetic (eddy current) method. The procedure relates to instruments using absolute or comparator-type coils for distinguishing variations in mass, shape, conductivity, permeability, and other variables such as hardness and alloy that affect the electromagnetic or magnetic properties of the material. The selection of reference standards to determine sorting feasibility and to establish standards is also included.2

    1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E105 Practice for Probability Sampling of Materials

    E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process

    E543 Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing

    E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    ASNT Documents

    ANSI/ASNT-CP-189 Standard for Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel

    SNT-TC-1A Recommended Practice for Personnel Qualification and Certification in Nondestructive Testing Available from American Society for Nondestructive Testing (ASNT), P.O. Box 28518, 1711 Arlingate Ln., Columbus, OH 43228-0518,

    AIA Standard

    NAS-410 Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel Available from Aerospace Industries Association of America, Inc. (AIA), 1000 Wilson Blvd., Suite 1700, Arlington, VA 22209-3928,

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.020 (Production of metals)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E0566-14

    Citation Format

    ASTM E566-14, Standard Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy Current) Sorting of Ferrous Metals, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014,

    Back to Top