ASTM E411 - 17a

    Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Carbonyl Compounds with 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine

    Active Standard ASTM E411 | Developed by Subcommittee: D16.15

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.04


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This test method is applicable to the determination of trace amounts of aldehydes and ketones in aqueous solutions and a wide variety of organic solvents.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of total carbonyl in the range from 0.5 to 50 μg calculated as CO.

    1.2 This test method is intended to be general and does not include steps for sample preparation.

    1.3 Acetals that hydrolyze under the conditions of the test are also determined.

    1.4 Carbonyl derivatives such as acetals and imines that are easily hydrolyzed may be determined by an alternative procedure.

    1.5 The developed color is not stable and must be measured within a specified period.

    Note 1: Other test methods for the determination of traces of carbonyl compounds are given in Test Methods D1089, D1612, D2119, and D2191.

    1.6 Review the current appropriate Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for detailed information concerning toxicity, first aid procedures, and safety precautions.

    1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazards statements are given in Section 7 and Section 8.

    1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1089 Method of Test for Carbonyl Content of Butadiene

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D1612 Test Method for Acetone in Methanol

    D2119 Test Method for Aldehydes in Styrene Monomer

    D2191 Test Method for Acetaldehyde Content of Vinyl Acetate

    D6809 Guide for Quality Control and Quality Assurance Procedures for Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Materials

    E60 Practice for Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials by Spectrophotometry

    E180 Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for Analysis and Testing of Industrial and Specialty Chemicals

    E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.080.80 (Aldehydes and ketones)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12352100(Organic derivatives and substituted compounds)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E0411-17A

    Citation Format

    ASTM E411-17a, Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Carbonyl Compounds with 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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