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Significance and Use
5.1 The object of this test method is to provide guidelines for the construction of a psychrometer and the techniques required for accurately measuring the humidity in the atmosphere. Only the essential features of the psychrometer are specified.
1.1.1 This test method covers the determination of the humidity of atmospheric air by means of wet- and dry-bulb temperature readings.
1.1.2 This test method is applicable for meteorological measurements at the earth's surface, for the purpose of the testing of materials, and for the determination of the relative humidity of most standard atmospheres and test atmospheres.
1.1.3 This test method is also applicable when the temperature of the wet bulb only is required. In this case, the instrument comprises a wet-bulb thermometer only.
1.1.4 Relative humidity (RH) does not denote a unit. Uncertainties in the relative humidity are expressed in the form RH ± rh %, which means that the relative humidity is expected to lie in the range (RH − rh) % to (RH + rh ) %, where RH is the observed relative humidity. All uncertainties are at the 95 % confidence level.
1.2 Method A—Psychrometer Ventilated by Aspiration:
1.2.1 This method incorporates the psychrometer ventilated by aspiration. The aspirated psychrometer is more accurate than the sling (whirling) psychrometer (see Method B), and it offers advantages in regard to the space which it requires, the possibility of using alternative types of thermometers (for example, electrical), easier shielding of thermometer bulbs from extraneous radiation, accidental breakage, and convenience.
1.2.2 This method is applicable within the ambient temperature range 5 to 80°C, wet-bulb temperatures not lower than 1°C, and restricted to ambient pressures not differing from standard atmospheric pressure by more than 30 %.
1.3 Method B—Psychrometer Ventilated by Whirling (Sling Psychrometer):
1.3.1 This method incorporates the psychrometer ventilated by whirling (sling psychrometer).
1.3.2 This method is applicable within the ambient temperature range 5 to 50°C, wet-bulb temperatures not lower than 1°C and restricted to ambient pressures not differing from standard atmospheric pressure by more than 30 %.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 Warning—Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous material that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury and/or mercury containing products into your state or country may be prohibited by law.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (For more specific safety precautionary statements, see and .)
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D861 Practice for Use of the Tex System to Designate Linear Density of Fibers, Yarn Intermediates, and Yarns
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
D1357 Practice for Planning the Sampling of the Ambient Atmosphere
D3631 Test Methods for Measuring Surface Atmospheric Pressure
D4023 Terminology Relating to Humidity Measurements
D4230 Test Method of Measuring Humidity with Cooled-Surface Condensation (Dew-Point) Hygrometer
E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers
E2251 Specification for Liquid-in-Glass ASTM Thermometers with Low-Hazard Precision Liquids
ICS Number Code 07.060 (Geology. Meteorology. Hydrology)
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ASTM E337-15, Standard Test Method for Measuring Humidity with a Psychrometer (the Measurement of Wet- and Dry-Bulb Temperatures), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.orgBack to Top