ASTM E3263 - 20

    Standard Practice for Qualification of Visual Inspection of Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Equipment and Medical Devices for Residues

    Active Standard ASTM E3263 | Developed by Subcommittee: E55.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 14.05


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 Application of the approach described within this practice applies the science-based, risk-based, and statistics-based concepts and principles introduced in Guides E3106 and E3219.

    4.2 Application of the approach described within this practice provides a science-, risk-, and statistical-based approach for qualifying the inspection of equipment for cleanliness in accordance with 21 CFR 211.67(b)(6).

    4.3 Application of the approach described within this practice provides a science-, risk-, and statistical-based approach for qualifying the visual inspection of equipment for cleanliness in accordance with European Medicines Agency (EMA) Annex 15 (2).

    4.4 Application of the approach described within this practice provides a science-, risk-, and statistical-based approach for qualifying the visual inspection of equipment for cleanliness in accordance with the EMA’s Q&A Guidance (Q&A’s #7 and #8) (2).

    4.5 Application of the approach described within this practice applies the risk-based concepts and principles introduced in ICH Q9. As stated in ICH Q9, the level of effort, formality, and documentation for validation (including cleaning validation) should also be commensurate with the level of risk.

    4.6 Application of the approach described within this practice provides a science-, risk-, and statistical-based approach for releasing manufacturing equipment and manufactured medical devices or cleanliness that is compatible with the U.S. FDA Guidance on Process Analytical Technology Initiative (3).

    4.7 Key Concepts—This practice applies the following key concepts: (1) visual inspection, (2) quality risk management, (3) science-based approach, (4) statistics-based approach, and (5) process knowledge and understanding.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice provides statistically valid procedures for determining the visual detection limit of residues and the qualification of inspectors to perform the visual inspection of pharmaceutical manufacturing equipment surfaces and medical devices for residues.

    1.2 This practice applies to pharmaceuticals [including active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs); dosage forms; and over-the-counter, veterinary, biologics, and clinical supplies] and medical devices following all manufacturing and cleaning. This practice is also applicable to other health, cosmetics, and consumer products.

    1.3 This practice applies to all types of chemical residues (including APIs, intermediates, cleaning agents, processing aids, machining oils, and so forth) that could remain on manufacturing equipment surfaces or medical devices that have undergone all manufacturing steps including cleaning.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E2782 Guide for Measurement Systems Analysis (MSA)

    E3106 Guide for Science-Based and Risk-Based Cleaning Process Development and Validation

    E3219 Guide for Derivation of Health-Based Exposure Limits (HBELs)

    G121 Practice for Preparation of Contaminated Test Coupons for the Evaluation of Cleaning Agents

    ICH Guidance

    ICH Q9

    ISO Standard

    EN 12464

    Federal Regulation

    21 CFR 211.67 Equipment Cleaning and Maintenance Available from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Washington, DC 20401-0001, http://www.access.gpo.gov.

    European Regulation

    EudraLex Volume 4 Guidelines for Good Manufacturing Practices for Medicinal Products for Human and Veterinary Use, Annex 15: Qualification and Validation Available from https://ec.europa.eu/health/documents/eudralex/vol-4_en


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/E3263-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM E3263-20, Standard Practice for Qualification of Visual Inspection of Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Equipment and Medical Devices for Residues, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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