ASTM E3245 - 20e1

    Standard Guide for Systematic Approach to the Extraction, Analysis, and Classification of Ignitable Liquids and Ignitable Liquid Residues in Fire Debris Samples

    Active Standard ASTM E3245 | Developed by Subcommittee: E30.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 14.02


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This guide is applicable for all ignitable liquids as defined by Test Method E1618.

    5.2 This guide is applicable to solid and liquid samples (burned and unburned), which are packaged in a closed vapor-tight container (typically a can, fire debris bag, jar, or vial).

    5.3 This guide is to be used in conjunction with the referenced documents by an analyst familiar with the limitations and applicability of each technique used.

    5.4 This guide does not attempt to address all the issues regarding sample extraction and analysis. There could be additional laboratory validated or verified tests, extractions or analyses that can be performed to provide further discrimination and classification of ignitable liquids and ignitable liquid residues present in samples.

    5.5 This guide is intended to be used in conjunction with generally accepted forensic accreditation requirements including documentation and records.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide describes a systematic approach to the extraction, analysis, and classification of ignitable liquids and their residues in solid (for example, fire debris) and liquid samples.

    1.2 This guide addresses evidence handling, extraction methodologies, instrumental analysis techniques, and analytical data interpretation.

    1.3 This guide cannot replace knowledge, skill, or ability acquired through appropriate education, training, and experience and should be used in conjunction with sound professional judgment.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E620 Practice for Reporting Opinions of Scientific or Technical Experts

    E1386 Practice for Separation of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Solvent Extraction

    E1388 Practice for Static Headspace Sampling of Vapors from Fire Debris Samples

    E1412 Practice for Separation of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Passive Headspace Concentration with Activated Charcoal

    E1413 Practice for Separation of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Dynamic Headspace Concentration onto an Adsorbent Tube

    E1459 Guide for Physical Evidence Labeling and Related Documentation

    E1492 Practice for Receiving, Documenting, Storing, and Retrieving Evidence in a Forensic Science Laboratory

    E1618 Test Method for Ignitable Liquid Residues in Extracts from Fire Debris Samples by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

    E1732 Terminology Relating to Forensic Science

    E2154 Practice for Separation and Concentration of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Passive Headspace Concentration with Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME)

    E2451 Practice for Preserving Ignitable Liquids and Ignitable Liquid Residue Extracts from Fire Debris Samples

    E2881 Test Method for Extraction and Derivatization of Vegetable Oils and Fats from Fire Debris and Liquid Samples with Analysis by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

    E2997 Test Method for Analysis of Biodiesel Products by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

    E3189 Practice for Separation of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Static Headspace Concentration onto an Adsorbent Tube

    E3197 Terminology Relating to Examination of Fire Debris

    NFPA Standards

    NFPA 921 Guide for Fire and Explosion Investigation


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E3245-20E01

    Citation Format

    ASTM E3245-20e1, Standard Guide for Systematic Approach to the Extraction, Analysis, and Classification of Ignitable Liquids and Ignitable Liquid Residues in Fire Debris Samples, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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