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Significance and Use
5.1 This guide is applicable for all ignitable liquids as defined by Test Method .
5.2 This guide is applicable to solid and liquid samples (burned and unburned), which are packaged in a closed vapor-tight container (typically a can, fire debris bag, jar, or vial).
5.3 This guide is to be used in conjunction with the referenced documents by an analyst familiar with the limitations and applicability of each technique used.
5.4 This guide does not attempt to address all the issues regarding sample extraction and analysis. There could be additional laboratory validated or verified tests, extractions or analyses that can be performed to provide further discrimination and classification of ignitable liquids and ignitable liquid residues present in samples.
5.5 This guide is intended to be used in conjunction with generally accepted forensic accreditation requirements including documentation and records.
1.1 This guide describes a systematic approach to the extraction, analysis, and classification of ignitable liquids and their residues in solid (for example, fire debris) and liquid samples.
1.2 This guide addresses evidence handling, extraction methodologies, instrumental analysis techniques, and analytical data interpretation.
1.3 This guide cannot replace knowledge, skill, or ability acquired through appropriate education, training, and experience and should be used in conjunction with sound professional judgment.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E620 Practice for Reporting Opinions of Scientific or Technical Experts
E1386 Practice for Separation of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Solvent Extraction
E1388 Practice for Static Headspace Sampling of Vapors from Fire Debris Samples
E1412 Practice for Separation of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Passive Headspace Concentration with Activated Charcoal
E1413 Practice for Separation of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Dynamic Headspace Concentration onto an Adsorbent Tube
E1459 Guide for Physical Evidence Labeling and Related Documentation
E1492 Practice for Receiving, Documenting, Storing, and Retrieving Evidence in a Forensic Science Laboratory
E1618 Test Method for Ignitable Liquid Residues in Extracts from Fire Debris Samples by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
E1732 Terminology Relating to Forensic Science
E2154 Practice for Separation and Concentration of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Passive Headspace Concentration with Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME)
E2451 Practice for Preserving Ignitable Liquids and Ignitable Liquid Residue Extracts from Fire Debris Samples
E2881 Test Method for Extraction and Derivatization of Vegetable Oils and Fats from Fire Debris and Liquid Samples with Analysis by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
E2997 Test Method for Analysis of Biodiesel Products by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
E3189 Practice for Separation of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Static Headspace Concentration onto an Adsorbent Tube
E3197 Terminology Relating to Examination of Fire Debris
NFPA StandardsNFPA 921 Guide for Fire and Explosion Investigation
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM E3245-20e1, Standard Guide for Systematic Approach to the Extraction, Analysis, and Classification of Ignitable Liquids and Ignitable Liquid Residues in Fire Debris Samples, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.orgBack to Top