ASTM E3197 - 20

    Standard Terminology Relating to Examination of Fire Debris

    Active Standard ASTM E3197 | Developed by Subcommittee: E30.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 14.02


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    Significance and Use

    3.1 These terms have particular application to fire debris analysis. In addition, several sources of definitions were used in the development of this terminology: Hawley’s Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Fifteenth Edition (1);4 Kirk’s Fire Investigation, Fifth Edition (2); The Chemistry and Technology of Petroleum, Third Edition (3); Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, Tenth Edition (4); and Fire Debris Analysis (5). A suitable definition was developed after all of the sources were found wanting.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This terminology standard is a compilation of terms and corresponding definitions that are used in fire debris analysis. Some legal or scientific terms that are generally understood or defined adequately in other readily available sources are included.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    Other Standards

    NFPA 921 Guide for Fire and Explosion Investigations, 2017 Edition Available from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02169-7471, http://www.nfpa.org.

    ASTM Standards

    D56 Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester

    E1388 Practice for Static Headspace Sampling of Vapors from Fire Debris Samples

    E1412 Practice for Separation of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Passive Headspace Concentration with Activated Charcoal

    E1413 Practice for Separation of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Dynamic Headspace Concentration onto an Adsorbent Tube

    E1618 Test Method for Ignitable Liquid Residues in Extracts from Fire Debris Samples by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

    E1732 Terminology Relating to Forensic Science

    E2154 Practice for Separation and Concentration of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Passive Headspace Concentration with Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME)

    E3189 Practice for Separation of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Static Headspace Concentration onto an Adsorbent Tube


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/E3197-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM E3197-20, Standard Terminology Relating to Examination of Fire Debris, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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