ASTM E3193 - 19

    Standard Test Method for Measurement of Lead (Pb) in Dust by Wipe, Paint, and Soil by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (FAAS)

    Active Standard ASTM E3193 | Developed by Subcommittee: D22.12

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.07


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method is intended for use with other standards that address the collection and preparation of samples (dusts by wipe, dried paint chips, and soils) that are obtained during the assessment or mitigation of lead hazards from buildings and related structures.

    5.2 Laboratories analyzing samples obtained during the assessment or mitigation of lead hazards from buildings and related structures shall conform to Practice E1583, or shall be recognized for lead analysis as promulgated by authorities having jurisdiction, or both.

    Note 2: In the United States of America, laboratories performing analysis of samples collected during lead-based paint activities are required to be accredited to ISO/IEC 17025 and to other requirements promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

    5.3 This test method may also be used to analyze similar samples from other environments such as toxic characteristic extracts of waste sampled using Guide E1908, and soil and sludge as prepared for analysis using U.S. EPA SW-846 Test Method 1311.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of lead (Pb) in dust by wipe, paint, and soil collected in and around buildings and related structures by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry (FAAS) and is derived from Test Methods D4185 and E1613. For determination of lead (Pb) and other metals in air by FAAS, see Test Method D4185.

    1.2 The sensitivity, detection limit, and optimum working concentration for lead (Pb) are given in Table 1.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other values of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3.1 Exception—The SI and inch-pound units shown for wipe sampling data are to be individually regarded as standard for wipe sampling data (13.4.1).

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D4185 Test Method for Measurement of Metals in Workplace Atmospheres by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry

    D4210 Practice for Intralaboratory Quality Control Procedures and a Discussion on Reporting Low-Level Data

    D4697 Guide for Maintaining Test Methods in the Users Laboratory

    D4840 Guide for Sample Chain-of-Custody Procedures

    D6785 Test Method for Determination of Lead in Workplace Air Using Flame or Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

    D6966 Practice for Collection of Settled Dust Samples Using Wipe Sampling Methods for Subsequent Determination of Metals

    D7035 Test Method for Determination of Metals and Metalloids in Airborne Particulate Matter by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    E631 Terminology of Building Constructions

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    E1188 Practice for Collection and Preservation of Information and Physical Items by a Technical Investigator

    E1583 Practice for Evaluating Laboratories Engaged in Determination of Lead in Paint, Dust, Airborne Particulates, and Soil Taken From and Around Buildings and Related Structures

    E1605 Terminology Relating to Lead in Buildings

    E1613 Test Method for Determination of Lead by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES), Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (FAAS), or Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (GFAAS) Techniques

    E1644 Practice for Hot Plate Digestion of Dust Wipe Samples for the Determination of Lead

    E1645 Practice for Preparation of Dried Paint Samples by Hotplate or Microwave Digestion for Subsequent Lead Analysis

    E1726 Practice for Preparation of Soil Samples by Hotplate Digestion for Subsequent Lead Analysis

    E1727 Practice for Field Collection of Soil Samples for Subsequent Lead Determination

    E1728 Practice for Collection of Settled Dust Samples Using Wipe Sampling Methods for Subsequent Lead Determination

    E1729 Practice for Field Collection of Dried Paint Samples for Subsequent Lead Determination

    E1741 Practice for Preparation of Airborne Particulate Lead Samples Collected During Abatement and Construction Activities for Subsequent Analysis by Atomic Spectrometry

    E1792 Specification for Wipe Sampling Materials for Lead in Surface Dust

    E1864 Practice for Evaluating Quality Systems of Organizations Conducting Facility and Hazard Assessments for Lead in Paint, Dust, Airborne Particulate, and Soil in and around Buildings and Related Structures

    E1908 Guide for Sample Selection of Debris Waste from a Building Renovation or Lead Abatement Project for Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) Testing for Leachable Lead (Pb)

    E1979 Practice for Ultrasonic Extraction of Paint, Dust, Soil, and Air Samples for Subsequent Determination of Lead

    E2115 Guide for Conducting Lead Hazard Assessments of Dwellings and of Other Child-Occupied Facilities

    E2239 Practice for Record Keeping and Record Preservation for Lead Hazard Activities

    E2271/E2271M Practice for Clearance Examinations Following Lead Hazard Reduction Activities in Multifamily Dwellings

    E2913/E2913M Practice for Hotplate Digestion of Lead from Composited Wipe Samples

    E2914/E2914M Practice for Ultrasonic Extraction of Lead from Composited Wipe Samples

    E3074/E3074M Practice for Clearance Examinations Following Lead Hazard Reduction Activities in Single Family Dwellings, in Individual Units of Multifamily Dwellings, and in Other Child-Occupied Facilities

    Governmental Agency Guidance

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency SW-846 Test M Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure

    ISO Standard

    ISO/IEC 17025


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/E3193-19

    Citation Format

    ASTM E3193-19, Standard Test Method for Measurement of Lead (Pb) in Dust by Wipe, Paint, and Soil by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (FAAS), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

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