ASTM E3146 - 18a

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Carbonyls in Pyrolysis Bio-Oils by Potentiometric Titration

    Active Standard ASTM E3146 | Developed by Subcommittee: E48.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.06


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 While pyrolysis bio-oils are comprised of a large variety of compounds and chemical functional groups, quantification of carbonyl groups is especially important. Carbonyls are known to be responsible for the instability of bio-oil during both storage and processing. This method can be used to quantify the total carbonyl content of bio-oils.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the carbonyl content of bio-oils derived from thermochemical decomposition of lignocellulosic biomass and their deoxygenated products. This method is used for determination of carbonyls between 0.5 and 8 mol/kg.

    1.2 Review the current and appropriate Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for detailed information concerning toxicity, first aid procedures, and safety precautions and proper personal protective equipment.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D664 Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

    Other Standards

    CEN/TR 17103:2017 Petroleum and related products - Fast pyrolysis bio-oils for stationary internal combustion engines - quality determination

    EN 16900:2017 Fast Pyrolysis bio-oils for industrial boilersRequirement and test methods


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E3146-18A

    Citation Format

    ASTM E3146-18a, Standard Test Method for Determination of Carbonyls in Pyrolysis Bio-Oils by Potentiometric Titration, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org

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