ASTM E3101 - 18

    Standard Practice for Microwave Examination of Polyethylene Butt Fusion Joints

    Active Standard ASTM E3101 | Developed by Subcommittee: E07.10

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.04


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Polyethylene piping has been used instead of steel alloys in the petrochemical, power, water, gas distribution, and mining industries due to its resistance to corrosion, erosion, and reliability. Recently, polyethylene pipe has also been used for nuclear safety related cooling water applications.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers microwave (MW) examination of butt fusion joints made entirely of polyethylene for the purpose of joining polyethylene piping or vessel parts.

    Note 1: The notes in this practice are for information only and shall not be considered part of this practice.

    Note 2: This practice references HDPE and MDPE for pipe applications as defined by Specification D3350.

    1.2 MW examination detects differences between the dielectric constant(s) of the materials being examined. These differences may be due to material construction (expected) or flaws such as voids, cracks, or foreign material intrusion (unexpected).

    1.3 The butt fusion joining process can be subject to a variety of flaws including, but not limited to, lack of fusion, particulate contamination, inclusions, and voids.

    1.4 This practice is intended for use on polyethylene butt fusion joints of pipe diameters of 4 in. to 65 in. (100 mm – 1650 mm) and wall thickness of 0.5 in. to 4 in. (12 mm – 100 mm). Greater and lesser thicknesses and smaller diameters may be tested using this standard practice if the technique can be demonstrated to provide adequate detection on mockups of the same wall thickness and geometry.

    1.5 This standard practice does not address microwave examination of electrofusion joints, socket joints, or saddles.

    1.6 This standard details inspection requirement only. Accept/reject criteria must be established contractually and is typically done using multiple samples with mechanical test (that is, tensile test) validation.

    1.7 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D3350 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials

    E543 Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing

    E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    F2620 Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings

    F2634 Test Method for Laboratory Testing of Polyethylene (PE) Butt Fusion Joints using Tensile-Impact Method

    ISO Standard

    ISO-9712

    Welding Authority Documents

    AWS G1.10M:2016 Guide for the Evaluation of Thermoplastic Welds

    DVS Direction 2202-1 Imperfections in Thermoplastic Welded Joints; Features, Descriptions, Evaluation

    Military Standard

    MIL-STD-410

    ASNT Documents

    ANSI/ASNT CP-189 Standard for Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 23.040.60 (Flanges, couplings and joints)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13111016(Polyethylene)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E3101-18

    Citation Format

    ASTM E3101-18, Standard Practice for Microwave Examination of Polyethylene Butt Fusion Joints, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org

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