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This specification provides requirements and corresponding test methods for denatured ethanol intended to be used as a cooking or appliance fuel, or both. The addition of a denatonium benzoate and a colored dye is required. The minimum and maximum requirements for the amount in which denatonium benzoate must be added are specified. The hydrocarbons approved for use under this specification are gasoline, unleaded gasoline, natural gasoline, heptane, or rubber hydrocarbon solvent.
Also addressed in this specification are workmanship, sampling, sontainers, and sample handling. The test methods cover ethanol, water, and higher alcohols as well as acidity and solvent-washed gum content.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers denatured ethanol intended to be used as a cooking or appliance fuel, or both.
1.2 Nothing in this specification shall preclude observance of federal, state, or local regulations.
1.2.1 Denatured ethanol has many regulatory limitations that cover the production, trading, transporting, distributing, wholesale and retail sale, and use of denatured ethanol; this specification does not purport to address the regulatory compliance aspects of these activities.
1.3 The addition of a denatonium benzoate is required in addition to any other denaturants that are added.
1.3.1 The denatonium benzoate is added as an additional deterrent to consumption. The denatonium benzoate must be added in an amount that meets the minimum and maximum requirements listed in .
1.4 The addition of a colored dye is also required. The colored dye must be added in a concentration sufficient to enable the visual detection of the color in the fuel but in an amount less than the maximum listed in .
1.4.1 The colored dye is added to visually indicate that the product is not potable.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D381 Test Method for Gum Content in Fuels by Jet Evaporation
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4306 Practice for Aviation Fuel Sample Containers for Tests Affected by Trace Contamination
D4815 Test Method for Determination of MTBE, ETBE, TAME, DIPE, tertiary-Amyl Alcohol and C1 to C4 Alcohols in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography
D5501 Test Method for Determination of Ethanol and Methanol Content in Fuels Containing Greater than 20% Ethanol by Gas Chromatography
D5854 Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D7795 Test Method for Acidity in Ethanol and Ethanol Blends by Titration
E203 Test Method for Water Using Volumetric Karl Fischer Titration
E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals
E1064 Test Method for Water in Organic Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)
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ASTM E3050-16, Standard Specification for Denatured Ethanol for Use as Cooking and Appliance Fuel, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top