ASTM E2994 - 16

    Standard Test Method for Analysis of Titanium and Titanium Alloys by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry and Glow Discharge Atomic Emission Spectrometry (Performance-Based Method)

    Active Standard ASTM E2994 | Developed by Subcommittee: E01.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.05


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method for the chemical analysis of titanium alloys is primarily intended to test material for compliance to compositional requirements of specifications such as those under jurisdiction of ASTM committee B10. It may also be used to test compliance with other specifications that are compatible with the test method.

    5.2 This is a performance-based test method that relies more on the demonstrated quality of the test result than on strict adherence to specific procedural steps. It is assumed that all who use this method will be trained analysts capable of performing common laboratory procedures skillfully and safely, and that the work will be performed in a properly equipped laboratory.

    5.3 It is expected that laboratories using this method will prepare their own work instructions. These work instructions will include detailed operating instructions for the specific laboratory, the specific reference materials employed, and performance acceptance criteria.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method describes the analysis of titanium and its alloys by spark atomic emission spectrometry (Spark-AES) and glow discharge atomic emission spectrometry (GD-AES). The titanium specimen to be analyzed may be in the form of a disk, casting, foil, sheet, plate, extrusion or some other wrought form or shape. The elements and ranges covered in the scope by spark-AES of this method are listed below.

    Element

    Tested Mass Fraction Range (%)

    Aluminum

    0.008 to 7.0

    Chromium

    0.006 to 0.1

    Copper

    0.014 to 0.1

    Iron

    0.043 to 0.3

    Manganese

    0.005 to 0.1

    Molybdenum

    0.014 to 0.1

    Nickel

    0.006 to 0.1

    Silicon

    0.018 to 0.1

    Tin

    0.02 to 0.1

    Vanadium

    0.015 to 5.0

    Zirconium

    0.013 to 0.1

    1.1.1 The elements oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, niobium, boron, yttrium, palladium, and ruthenium, were included in the ILS but the data did not contain the required six laboratories. Precision tables were provided for informational use only.

    1.2 The elements and ranges covered in the scope by GD-AES of this method are listed below.

    Element

    Tested Mass Fraction Range (%)

    Aluminum

    0.02 to 7.0

    Chromium

    0.006 to 0.1

    Copper

    0.028 to 0.1

    Iron

    0.09 to 0.3

    Molybdenum

    0.016 to 0.1

    Nickel

    0.006 to 0.1

    Silicon

    0.018 to 0.1

    Tin

    0.022 to 0.1

    Vanadium

    0.054 to 5.0

    Zirconium

    0.026 to 0.1

    1.3 The mass fractions given in the above scope tables are the ranges validated through the interlaboratory study. However, it is known that the techniques used in this standard allow the useable range to be extended higher or lower based on individual instrument and laboratory capabilities, and the spectral characteristics of the specific element wavelength being used. Laboratories must provide sufficient evidence of method validation when extending the analytical range as described in Guide E2857 Validating Analytical Methods.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific safety hazard statements are given in Section 9.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E305 Practice for Establishing and Controlling Atomic Emission Spectrochemical Analytical Curves

    E406 Practice for Using Controlled Atmospheres in Spectrochemical Analysis

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    E1329 Practice for Verification and Use of Control Charts in Spectrochemical Analysis

    E1507 Guide for Describing and Specifying the Spectrometer of an Optical Emission Direct-Reading Instrument

    E1601 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method

    E2857 Guide for Validating Analytical Methods

    E2972 Guide for Production, Testing, and Value Assignment of In-House Reference Materials for Metals, Ores, and Other Related Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.120.50 (Titanium and titanium alloys)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12141746(Titanium Ti)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/E2994-16

    Citation Format

    ASTM E2994-16, Standard Test Method for Analysis of Titanium and Titanium Alloys by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry and Glow Discharge Atomic Emission Spectrometry (Performance-Based Method), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.org

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