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    ASTM E2964 - 21

    Standard Test Method for Measurement of the Normalized Insertion Loss of Doors

    Active Standard ASTM E2964 | Developed by Subcommittee: E33.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.06

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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This standard provides a method for testing the apparent sound insulating properties of doors in the field originally proposed by Morin (1).6 This allows doors to be evaluated with a result that has been found to be similar to the transmission loss.

    5.2 The results of this measurement are the normalized door insertion loss, NDIL, at individual frequencies, and the single-number rating door transmission class, DTC. The insertion loss is normalized by the small change in sound level which occurs on the source side when the door is opened and closed. The results are in theory the same when measured in each direction through the door, but differences have been observed in practice.

    5.3 Comparative measurements using this method and the method of Test Method E90 on the same door installations in a laboratory indicate good agreement between the transmission loss and normalized door insertion loss when the door is in a wall between two rooms and flanking is not significant. No similar verification has been done for corridors. See Appendix X1 and Ref (2).

    5.4 The fixed-microphone and scanning methods have been compared in the field. See Appendix X2.

    1. Scope

    1.1 The sound insulation properties of a door are measured in a laboratory as the sound transmission loss in accordance with Test Method E90. Using those data, the single-number rating sound transmission class (STC) is assigned. In the field, the rooms on one or both sides of a partition containing a door are often either too small or too large and absorptive to allow the apparent transmission loss (ATL) of the partition-door assembly to be measured. Even if that is not the case, the result measured is the composite ATL of the partition including the door, and not that of the door itself. Test Method E336 states that it is impossible to measure the ATL of a portion of a partition such as a door according to the procedures of that standard. This test method provides a method of evaluating doors in the field using a normalized insertion loss with a resulting single-number rating door transmission class, DTC. This method is intended primarily for hinged personnel doors with latching mechanisms and is limited to door openings of area less than 6 m2. The flanking effects of surrounding structure are reduced compared to Test Method E336 but not completely eliminated. In a laboratory environment, the DTC is close to or equal to the STC of the door, but in the field results less than the laboratory STC are to be expected due to flanking.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C634 Terminology Relating to Building and Environmental Acoustics

    E90 Test Method for Laboratory Measurement of Airborne Sound Transmission Loss of Building Partitions and Elements

    E336 Test Method for Measurement of Airborne Sound Attenuation between Rooms in Buildings

    E413 Classification for Rating Sound Insulation

    E492 Test Method for Laboratory Measurement of Impact Sound Transmission Through Floor-Ceiling Assemblies Using the Tapping Machine

    E966 Guide for Field Measurements of Airborne Sound Attenuation of Building Facades and Facade Elements

    E1007 Test Method for Field Measurement of Tapping Machine Impact Sound Transmission Through Floor-Ceiling Assemblies and Associated Support Structures

    E1414 Test Method for Airborne Sound Attenuation Between Rooms Sharing a Common Ceiling Plenum

    E3091 Specification for Systems to Measure Sound Levels

    ANSI Standards


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.060.50 (Doors and windows); 91.120.20 (Acoustics in buildings. Sound insulation)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30171500(Doors)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/E2964-21

    Citation Format

    ASTM E2964-21, Standard Test Method for Measurement of the Normalized Insertion Loss of Doors, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.org

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