ASTM E2948 - 16a

    Standard Test Method for Conducting Rotating Bending Fatigue Tests of Solid Round Fine Wire

    Active Standard ASTM E2948 | Developed by Subcommittee: E08.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.01

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    Significance and Use

    5.1 A method for obtaining fatigue strain (stress) at a specific life is of interest to the wire manufacturer, designer and consumer. The method is useful in production control, material acceptance and determination of the fatigue strain (stress) of the wire at a specific fatigue life, that is, fatigue strength. Rotating bending fatigue testing of small diameter solid round wire is possible by looping a specimen of predetermined length through an arc of 90° to 180°. The bending strain (stress) is determined from the geometry of the loop thusly formed. The methodology is capable of high frequency testing provided the temperature of the test article is constant and there is no adiabatic heating of the wire. A constant temperature can be maintained by immersing the specimen in a constant temperature fluid bath or test media. This makes it practical to quickly test a sufficient number of specimens to provide a statistical frequency distribution or survival probability distribution of fatigue life at a given strain (stress). Fatigue life information is useful to ascertain wire in-service durability and to assess, for example, the effects of melt practice and cold work processing.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method is intended as a procedure for the performance of rotating bending fatigue tests of solid round fine wire to obtain the fatigue strength of metallic materials at a specified life in the fatigue regime where the strains (stresses) are predominately and nominally linear elastic. This test method is limited to the fatigue testing of small diameter solid round wire subjected to a constant amplitude periodic strain (stress). The methodology can be useful in assessing the effects of internal material structure, such as inclusions, in melt technique and cold work processing studies. However, there is a caveat. The strain, due to the radial strain gradient imposed by the test methodology, is a maximum at the surface and zero at the centerline. Thus the test method may not seek out the “weakest link,” largest inclusions, that govern uniaxial high cycle fatigue life where the strain is uniform across the cross section and where fatigue damage initiates at a subsurface location (1-5).2 Also, pre-strain, which can influence fatigue life, is not included in this test method.

    Note 1: The following documents, although not specifically mentioned, are considered sufficiently important to be listed in this test method:
    ASTM STP 566 Handbook of Fatigue Testing
    ASTM STP 588 Manual on Statistical Planning and Analysis for Fatigue Experiments
    ASTM STP 731 Tables for Estimating Median Fatigue Limits (6-8)

    1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E468 Practice for Presentation of Constant Amplitude Fatigue Test Results for Metallic Materials

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    E739 Practice for Statistical Analysis of Linear or Linearized Stress-Life (S-N) and Strain-Life (-N) Fatigue Data

    E1823 Terminology Relating to Fatigue and Fracture Testing

    F562 Specification for Wrought 35Cobalt-35Nickel-20Chromium-10Molybdenum Alloy for Surgical Implant Applications (UNS R30035)

    ANSI Standard

    ANSI B4.1 Standard Limits and Fits

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.140.65 (Steel wire, wir ropes and link chains)

    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/E2948-16A

    Citation Format

    ASTM E2948-16a, Standard Test Method for Conducting Rotating Bending Fatigue Tests of Solid Round Fine Wire, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016,

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