ASTM E291 - 18

    Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Caustic Soda and Caustic Potash (Sodium Hydroxide and Potassium Hydroxide)

    Active Standard ASTM E291 | Developed by Subcommittee: D16.12

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.04

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    Significance and Use

    3.1 Caustic soda and caustic potash are used in a large number of manufacturing processes. The chemicals are available in several grades depending on their intended use. The test methods listed in 1.2 provide procedures for analyzing caustic soda and caustic potash to determine if they are suitable for their intended use.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover only the analyses usually required on the following commercial products:

    1.1.1 Caustic soda (sodium hydroxide), 50 and 73 % liquors; anhydrous (solid, flake, ground, or powdered), and

    1.1.2 Caustic potash (potassium hydroxide), 45 % liquor; anhydrous (solid, flake, ground, or powdered).

    1.2 The analytical procedures appear in the following order:

    Alkalinity (Total), Titrimetric (for 50 to 100 %
     NaOH and 45 to 100 % KOH)

    3 to 4

    Carbonate, Gas-Volumetric (0.001 g CO2, min)

    4 to 7

    Carbonate, Gravimetric (0.001 g CO2, min)

    7 to 10

    Chloride, Titrimetric, (0.001 g Cl, min)

    10 to 11

    Chloride, Potentiometric Titration (0.3 to 1.2 %)

    11 to 12

    Chloride, Ion Selective Electrode (0.6 to 120 μg/g)

    12 to 13

    Iron, Photometric (0.005 mg Fe, min)

    13 to 15

    Sulfate, Gravimetric, (0.002 g SO3, min)

    15 to 16



    1.3 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard with the exception of inch-pound units for apparatus descriptions.

    1.4 In determining the conformance of the test results using this method to applicable specifications, results shall be rounded off in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice E29.

    1.5 Review the current Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for detailed information concerning toxicity, first-aid procedures, handling, and safety precautions.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given in Section 6.

    1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D6809 Guide for Quality Control and Quality Assurance Procedures for Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Materials

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E60 Practice for Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials by Spectrophotometry

    E180 Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for Analysis and Testing of Industrial and Specialty Chemicals

    E200 Practice for Preparation, Standardization, and Storage of Standard and Reagent Solutions for Chemical Analysis

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    Other Document

    OSHA Regulations, 29 CFR

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.060.40 (Bases)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12352305(Inorganic hydroxides)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E0291-18

    Citation Format

    ASTM E291-18, Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Caustic Soda and Caustic Potash (Sodium Hydroxide and Potassium Hydroxide), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018,

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