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Significance and Use
4.1 Exposure to aerosols in the industrial metal removal environment has been associated with adverse respiratory effects.
4.2 Use of this practice will mitigate occupational exposure and effects of exposure to aerosols in the metal removal environment.
4.3 Through implementation of this practice, users should be able to reduce instances and severity of respiratory irritation and disease through the effective use of a metal removal fluid management program, appropriate product selection, appropriate machine tool design, proper air handling mechanisms, and control of microorganisms.
1.1 This practice sets forth guidelines to control respiratory hazards in the metal removal environment.
1.2 This practice does not include prevention of dermatitis, which is the subject of Practice , but it does adopt a similar systems management approach with many control elements in common.
1.3 This practice focuses on employee exposure via inhalation of metal removal fluids and associated airborne agents.
1.4 Metal removal fluids used for wet machining operations (such as cutting, drilling, milling, or grinding) that remove metal to produce the finished part are a subset of metalworking fluids. This practice does not apply to other operations (such as stamping, rolling, forging, or casting) that use metalworking fluids other than metal removal fluids. These other types of metalworking fluid operations are not included in this document because of limited information on health effects, including epidemiology studies, and on control technologies. Nonetheless, some of the exposure control approaches and guidance contained in this document may be useful for managing respiratory hazards associated with other types of metalworking fluids.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
OSHA (U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration) Standards29 CFR 1010.1020 Access to Employee Exposure and Medical Records 29 CFR 1910.1200 29 CFR 1910.132 Personal Protective Equipment 29 CFR 1910.134 Use of Respiratory Protection in the Workplace
D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
D2881 Classification for Metalworking Fluids and Related Materials
D7049 Test Method for Metal Removal Fluid Aerosol in Workplace Atmospheres
E1302 Guide for Acute Animal Toxicity Testing of Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids
E1370 Guide for Air Sampling Strategies for Worker and Workplace Protection
E1497 Practice for Selection and Safe Use of Water-Miscible and Straight Oil Metal Removal Fluids
E1542 Terminology Relating to Occupational Health and Safety
E1972 Practice for Minimizing Effects of Aerosols in the Wet Metal Removal Environment
E2144 Practice for Personal Sampling and Analysis of Endotoxin in Metalworking Fluid Aerosols in Workplace Atmospheres
E2148 Guide for Using Documents Related to Metalworking or Metal Removal Fluid Health and Safety
E2169 Practice for Selecting Antimicrobial Pesticides for Use in Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids
E2275 Practice for Evaluating Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluid Bioresistance and Antimicrobial Pesticide Performance
E2523 Terminology for Metalworking Fluids and Operations
E2563 Practice for Enumeration of Non-Tuberculosis Mycobacteria in Aqueous Metalworking Fluids by Plate Count Method
E2564 Practice for Enumeration of Mycobacteria in Metalworking Fluids by Direct Microscopic Counting (DMC) Method
E2657 Practice for Determination of Endotoxin Concentrations in Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids
E2693 Practice for Prevention of Dermatitis in the Wet Metal Removal Fluid Environment
E2694 Test Method for Measurement of Adenosine Triphosphate in Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids
Other DocumentsANSI Technical Report B11 TR 2-1997, Mist Control Considerations for the Design, Installation and Use of Machine Tools Using Metalworking Fluids Available from Association for Manufacturing Technology, 7901 Westpark Drive, McLean VA 22102. Criteria for a Recommended Standard: Occupational Exposure to Metalworking Fluids Available from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH 45226. Metalworking Fluids: Safety and Health Best Practices Manual Available from US Occupational Health and Safety Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20210 or at http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/metalworkingfluids/metalworkingfluids_manual.html
EPA (US Environmental Protection Agency) Standards40 CFR 156 Labeling Requirements for Pesticides and Devices
ICS Number Code 13.040.30 (Workplace atmospheres)
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ASTM E2889-12(2017), Standard Practice for Control of Respiratory Hazards in the Metal Removal Fluid Environment, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.orgBack to Top