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Significance and Use
5.1 Use of this practice is intended to reduce occupational dermatitis caused by exposure to the wet metal removal environment.
5.2 Complaints of dermatitis conditions are often associated with exposures to metal removal fluid.
5.3 Implementation of this practice and incorporation of metal removal fluid management program has the potential to reduce complaints of occupational dermatitis. Elements of an effective program include: understanding dermatitis and associated causes; prevention of dermatitis and exposure to metal removal fluids; appropriate product selection; good management of additives, microorganisms, and fluids; appropriate additive (including antimicrobial pesticides) selection and additive control; appropriate tool design and assessment and control of metal removal fluid exposures including aerosols.
1.1 This practice sets forth guidelines for reducing dermatitis caused by exposure to the wet metal removal environment. The scope of this practice does not include exposure to chemicals that enter the body through intact skin (cutaneous route), which has the potential to cause other toxic effects.
1.2 This practice incorporates means and mechanisms to reduce dermal exposure to the wet metal removal environment and to control factors in the wet metal removal environment that have the potential to cause dermatitis.
1.3 This practice focuses on employee exposure to the skin via contact and exposure to metal removal fluid (MRF).
1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
D2881 Classification for Metalworking Fluids and Related Materials
E1302 Guide for Acute Animal Toxicity Testing of Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids
E1370 Guide for Air Sampling Strategies for Worker and Workplace Protection
E1497 Practice for Selection and Safe Use of Water-Miscible and Straight Oil Metal Removal Fluids
E1542 Terminology Relating to Occupational Health and Safety
E1972 Practice for Minimizing Effects of Aerosols in the Wet Metal Removal Environment
E2144 Practice for Personal Sampling and Analysis of Endotoxin in Metalworking Fluid Aerosols in Workplace Atmospheres
E2148 Guide for Using Documents Related to Metalworking or Metal Removal Fluid Health and Safety
E2169 Practice for Selecting Antimicrobial Pesticides for Use in Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids
E2250 Method for Determination of Endotoxin Concentration in Water Miscible Metal Working Fluids
E2525 Test Method for Evaluation of the Effect of Nanoparticulate Materials on the Formation of Mouse Granulocyte-Macrophage Colonies
E2889 Practice for Control of Respiratory Hazards in the Metal Removal Fluid Environment
OSHA Standards29 CFR 1910.1048 Formaldehyde 29 CFR 1910.1200 Hazard Communication 29 CFR 1910.132 Personal Protective Equipment: General Requirements 29 CFR 1910.133 Eye and Face Protection 29 CFR 1910.134 Respiratory Protection 29 CFR 1910.138 Hand Protection 29 CFR 1910 Appendix B to Subpart I Non-mandatory Compliance Guidelines for Hazard Assessment and Personal Protective Equipment Selection
Other DocumentsANSI B11 TR 2–1997 Mist Control Considerations for the Design, Installation and Use of Machine Tools Using Metalworking Fluids Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.
ICS Number Code 13.100 (Occupational safety. Industrial hygiene); 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)
UNSPSC Code 93141808(Occupational health or safety services)
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ASTM E2693-14, Standard Practice for Prevention of Dermatitis in the Wet Metal Removal Fluid Environment, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.orgBack to Top