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Significance and Use
5.1 This practice provides a way to estimate the average grain size of polycrystalline materials. It is based on EBSD measurements of crystallographic orientation which are inherently quantitative in nature. This method has specific advantage over traditional optical grain size measurements in some materials, where it is difficult to find appropriate metallographic preparation procedures to adequately delineate grain boundaries.
1.1 This practice is used to determine grain size from measurements of grain areas from automated electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) scans of polycrystalline materials.
1.2 The intent of this practice is to standardize operation of an automated EBSD instrument to measure ASTM G directly from crystal orientation. The guidelines and caveats of apply here, but the focus of this standard is on EBSD practice.
1.3 This practice is only applicable to fully recrystallized materials.
1.4 This practice is applicable to any crystalline material which produces EBSD patterns of sufficient quality that a high percentage of the patterns can be reliably indexed using automated indexing software.
1.5 The practice is applicable to any type of grain structure or grain size distribution.
1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.8 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E7 Terminology Relating to Metallography
E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
E766 Practice for Calibrating the Magnification of a Scanning Electron Microscope
E1181 Test Methods for Characterizing Duplex Grain Sizes
E1382 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size Using Semiautomatic and Automatic Image Analysis
ICS Number Code 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)
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ASTM E2627-13(2019), Standard Practice for Determining Average Grain Size Using Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD) in Fully Recrystallized Polycrystalline Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.orgBack to Top