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This guide provides procedures that should be used by forensic document examiners (Guide ) for examinations of documents produced with toner technology, and related procedures.
Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee E30 on Forensic Sciences, this guide was withdrawn in January 2015 in accordance with section 10.6.3 of the Regulations Governing ASTM Technical Committees, which requires that standards shall be updated by the end of the eighth year since the last approval date.
1.1 This guide provides procedures that should be used by forensic document examiners (Guide E 444) for examinations of documents produced with toner technology, and related procedures.
1.2 These procedures are applicable whether the examination is of questioned and known item(s) or of exclusively questioned item(s).
1.3 These procedures include evaluation of the sufficiency of the material available for examination.
1.4 The particular methods used in a given case will depend upon the nature and sufficiency of the material available for examination.
1.5 This guide may not cover all aspects of unusual or uncommon examinations.
1.6 These methods are applicable to examinations involving photocopiers, printers, facsimile devices, and multifunction devices using toner technology.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E444 Guide for Scope of Work of Forensic Document Examiners
E1658 Terminology for Expressing Conclusions of Forensic Document Examiners
E1732 Terminology Relating to Forensic Science
E2195 Terminology Relating to the Examination of Questioned Documents
E2291 Guide for Indentation Examinations
F221 Terminology Relating to Carbon Paper and Inked Ribbon Products and Images Made Therefrom
F909 Terminology Relating to Printers
F1125 Terminology of Image Quality in Impact Printing Systems
F1156 Terminology Relating to Product Counterfeit Protection Systems
F1424 Test Method for Estimating Toner Usage in Full-Color Copiers Utilizing Dry Mono- or Dual-Component Toners
F1434 Practice for Estimating the Performance of a Fuser Oil in an Electrostatic Copier or Printer
F1457 Terminology Relating to Laser Printers
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ASTM E2390-06, Standard Guide for Examination of Documents Produced with Toner Technology (Withdrawn 2015), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2006, www.astm.orgBack to Top