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    ASTM E2260 - 21

    Standard Guide for Repointing (Tuckpointing) Historic Masonry

    Active Standard ASTM E2260 | Developed by Subcommittee: E06.24

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.12


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 Repointing masonry improves weather resistance, reduces water penetration, maintains structural and visual integrity, and prolongs the life of the building by allowing a mortar joint to shed water and avoid the accumulation and penetration of rainwater between mortar and masonry units.

    4.2 This guide provides for the selection of the most effective methods appropriate for repointing masonry based upon the following parameters:

    4.2.1 Determination of joints to be repointed.

    4.2.2 Evaluation of in-situ masonry.

    4.2.3 Evaluation of techniques for removal of mortar.

    4.2.4 Determination of appropriate repointing mortar.

    4.2.5 Selection of repointing mortar.

    4.2.6 Establishing the method of execution of the work.

    4.2.7 Visual inspection of the work.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide applies only to existing historic masonry construction. For purposes of this guide historic masonry is intended to refer to buildings that have significant historic, architectural, cultural or social meaning and are constructed of masonry materials. Similar techniques and evaluation should be employed for non-historic masonry, but are not addressed in this guide.

    1.2 This guide outlines procedures for repointing historic masonry and is intended to provide guidelines for the user to establish project-specific requirements for repointing of historic masonry.

    1.3 This guide only pertains to masonry units: brick, terra cotta, stone, cast stone, and concrete brick laid in mortar, and may or may not be appropriate for other masonry units.

    1.4 This guide addresses repointing (tuckpointing) as defined in 3.1.3.

    1.5 When considering repointing, especially on masonry of artistic, architectural, cultural, or historical significance, guidance from a specialist experienced in historic masonry and repointing should be sought.

    1.6 This guide does not address pointing styles or profiles used on masonry or the methods of producing them.

    1.7 Additional repairs that may impact the structural integrity of the masonry may necessitate that a structural stability analysis be completed prior to the execution of any work.

    1.8 Following this guide may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.

    1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C67/C67M Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Brick and Structural Clay Tile

    C140/C140M Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Concrete Masonry Units and Related Units

    C170/C170M Test Method for Compressive Strength of Dimension Stone

    C780 Test Method for Preconstruction and Construction Evaluation of Mortars for Plain and Reinforced Unit Masonry

    C1324 Test Method for Examination and Analysis of Hardened Masonry Mortar

    C1713 Specification for Mortars for the Repair of Historic Masonry

    E631 Terminology of Building Constructions

    E1857 Guide for Selection of Cleaning Techniques for Masonry, Concrete, and Stucco Surfaces

    Other Documents

    BIA Technical Note 1 Hot and Cold Weather Construction, June 2018 Available from The Brick Industry Association (BIA), 12007 Sunrise Valley Dr., Suite 430, Reston, VA 20191, https://www.gobrick.org.

    BIA Technical Note 46 Maintenance of Brick Masonry, December 2017

    The Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties, 2017 Available from U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Technical Preservation Services, https://www.nps.gov/tps/standards.htm.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.080.30 (Masonry)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 90151502(Historical or cultural sites); 30111500(Concrete and mortars)


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/E2260-21

    Citation Format

    ASTM E2260-21, Standard Guide for Repointing (Tuckpointing) Historic Masonry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.org

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