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Significance and Use
5.1 This technique is designed for on-site rapid screening and characterization of environmental soil and water samples resulting in significant cost savings for environmental remediation projects. Remote analysis can be made with optical fibers when situations warrant or demand use of this option.
5.2 Quantification of total AHs and PAHs in these environmental samples is accomplished by having a subset of the samples analyzed by an alternate technique and generating a site-specific calibration curve.
5.3 Synchronous fluorescence provides sufficient spectral information to characterize the AHs and PAHs present as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene(s) (BTEX), the aromatic portion of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH), or large aromatic ring systems up to at least seven fused rings, such as might be found in creosote.
1.1 This test method covers a rapid method for the screening of environmental samples for aromatic hydrocarbons (AHs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The screening takes place in the field and provides immediate feedback on limits of contamination by substances containing AHs and PAHs. Quantification is obtained by the use of appropriately characterized, site-specific calibration curves. Remote sensing by use of optical fibers is useful for accessing difficult to reach areas or potentially dangerous materials or situations. When contamination of field personnel by dangerous materials is a possibility, use of remote sensors may minimize or eliminate the likelihood of such contamination taking place.
1.2 This test method is applicable to AHs and PAHs present in samples extracted from soils or in water. This test method is applicable for field screening or, with an appropriate calibration, quantification of total AHs and PAHs.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D4489 Practices for Sampling of Waterborne Oils
D5412 Test Method for Quantification of Complex Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Mixtures or Petroleum Oils in Water
E131 Terminology Relating to Molecular Spectroscopy
E388 Test Method for Wavelength Accuracy and Spectral Bandwidth of Fluorescence Spectrometers
E578 Test Method for Linearity of Fluorescence Measuring Systems
E579 Test Method for Limit of Detection of Fluorescence of Quinine Sulfate in Solution
ICS Number Code 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)
|Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)|
ASTM E2143-01(2021), Standard Test Method for Using Field-Portable Fiber Optics Synchronous Fluorescence Spectrometer for Quantification of Field Samples for Aromatic and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2021, www.astm.orgBack to Top