ASTM E213 - 20

    Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Testing of Metal Pipe and Tubing

    Active Standard ASTM E213 | Developed by Subcommittee: E07.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.03


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The purpose of this practice is to outline a procedure for detecting and locating significant discontinuities such as pits, voids, inclusions, cracks, splits, etc., by the ultrasonic pulse-reflection method.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice2 covers a procedure for detecting discontinuities in metal pipe and tubing during a volumetric examination using ultrasonic methods. Specific techniques of the ultrasonic method to which this practice applies include pulse-reflection techniques, both contact and non-contact (for example, as described in Guide E1774 and Practice E1816), and angle beam immersion techniques, both conventional and phased array. Artificial reflectors consisting of longitudinal, and, when specified by the using party or parties, transverse reference notches placed on the surfaces of a reference standard are employed as the primary means of standardizing the ultrasonic system.

    1.2 This practice is intended for use with tubular products having outside diameters approximately 1/2 in. (12.7 mm) and larger, provided that the examination parameters comply with and satisfy the requirements of Section 12. These procedures have been successful with smaller sizes. These may be specified upon contractual agreement between the using parties. These procedures are intended to ensure that proper beam angles and beam shapes are used to provide full volume coverage of pipes and tubes, including those with low ratios of outside diameter-to-wall thickness, and to avoid spurious signal responses when examining small-diameter, thin-wall tubes.

    1.3 The procedure in Annex A1 is applicable to pipe and tubing used in nuclear and other special and safety applications. The procedure in Annex A2 may be used to determine the helical scan pitch.

    1.4 This practice does not establish acceptance criteria; they must be specified by the using party or parties.

    1.5 Units—The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASNT Documents

    ANSI/ASNT CP-189 Standard for Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel

    ISO Standard

    ISO 9712

    ASTM Standards

    E543 Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing

    E1065 Practice for Evaluating Characteristics of Ultrasonic Search Units

    E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    E1774 Guide for Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducers (EMATs)

    E1816 Practice for Measuring thickness by Pulse-Echo Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducer (EMAT) Methods


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 23.040.10 (Iron and steel pipes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 40180000(Tubes tubing and tube fittings); 40170000(Pipe piping and pipe fittings)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E0213-20

    Citation Format

    ASTM E213-20, Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Testing of Metal Pipe and Tubing, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2020, www.astm.org

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