ASTM E2070 - 13(2018)

    Standard Test Methods for Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using Isothermal Methods

    Active Standard ASTM E2070 | Developed by Subcommittee: E37.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 14.05

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    Significance and Use

    6.1 These test methods are useful for research and development, quality assurance, regulatory compliance, and specification acceptance purposes.

    6.2 The determination of the order of a chemical reaction or transformation at specific temperatures or time conditions is beyond the scope of these test methods.

    6.3 The activation energy results obtained by these test methods may be compared with those obtained from Test Method E698 for nth order and accelerating reactions. Activation energy, pre-exponential factor, and reaction order results by these test methods may be compared to those for Test Method E2041 for nth order reactions.

    1. Scope

    1.1 Test Methods A, B, and C determine kinetic parameters for activation energy, pre-exponential factor and reaction order using differential scanning calorimetry from a series of isothermal experiments over a small ( 10 K) temperature range. Test Method A is applicable to low nth order reactions. Test Methods B and C are applicable to accelerating reactions such as thermoset curing or pyrotechnic reactions and crystallization transformations in the temperature range from 300 to 900 K (nominally 30 to 630°C). These test methods are applicable only to these types of exothermic reactions when the thermal curves do not exhibit shoulders, double peaks, discontinuities or shifts in baseline.

    1.2 Test Methods D and E also determines the activation energy of a set of time-to-event and isothermal temperature data generated by this or other procedures

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 These test methods are similar but not equivalent to ISO DIS 11357, Part 5, and provides more information than the ISO standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 8.

    1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D3350 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials

    D3895 Test Method for Oxidative-Induction Time of Polyolefins by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    D4565 Test Methods for Physical and Environmental Performance Properties of Insulations and Jackets for Telecommunications Wire and Cable

    D5483 Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Greases by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    D6186 Test Method for Oxidation Induction Time of Lubricating Oils by Pressure Differential Scanning Calorimetry (PDSC)

    E473 Terminology Relating to Thermal Analysis and Rheology

    E537 Test Method for The Thermal Stability of Chemicals by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    E698 Test Method for Kinetic Parameters for Thermally Unstable Materials Using Differential Scanning Calorimetry and the Flynn/Wall/Ozawa Method

    E967 Test Method for Temperature Calibration of Differential Scanning Calorimeters and Differential Thermal Analyzers

    E968 Practice for Heat Flow Calibration of Differential Scanning Calorimeters

    E1142 Terminology Relating to Thermophysical Properties

    E1445 Terminology Relating to Hazard Potential of Chemicals

    E1858 Test Methods for Determining Oxidation Induction Time of Hydrocarbons by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    E1860 Test Method for Elapsed Time Calibration of Thermal Analyzers

    E1970 Practice for Statistical Treatment of Thermoanalytical Data

    E2041 Test Method for Estimating Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimeter Using the Borchardt and Daniels Method

    E2046 Test Method for Reaction Induction Time by Thermal Analysis

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.200.10 (Heat. Calorimetry)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E2070-13R18

    Citation Format

    ASTM E2070-13(2018), Standard Test Methods for Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using Isothermal Methods, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018,

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