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    ASTM E1999 - 18

    Standard Test Method for Analysis of Cast Iron by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry

    Active Standard ASTM E1999 | Developed by Subcommittee: E01.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.05

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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The chemical composition of cast iron alloys shall be determined accurately in order to insure the desired metallurgical properties. This procedure is suitable for manufacturing control and inspection testing.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the analysis of cast iron by spark atomic emission spectrometry for the following elements in the ranges shown (Note 1):



    Ranges, %



    Applicable Range, %

    Quantitative Range, %A







    1.9 to 3.8

    1.90  to 3.8



    0 to 2.0

    0.025 to 2.0



    0 to 0.75

    0.015 to 0.75



    0 to 1.8

    0.03  to 1.8



    0 to 1.2

    0.01  to 1.2



    0 to 2.0

    0.02  to 2.0



    0 to 0.4

    0.005 to 0.4



    0 to 2.5

    0.15  to 2.5



    0 to 0.08

    0.01  to 0.08



    0 to 0.14

    0.004 to 0.14



    0 to 0.12

    0.003 to 0.12



    0 to 0.22

    0.008 to 0.22

    (A) Quantitative range as directed in Practice E1601.

    Note 1: The ranges of the elements listed have been established through cooperative testing of reference materials. These ranges can be extended by the use of suitable reference materials.

    1.2 This test method covers analysis of specimens having a diameter adequate to overlap the bore of the spark stand opening (to effect an argon seal). The specimen thickness should be sufficient to prevent overheating during excitation. A heat sink backing may be used. The maximum thickness is limited only by the height that the stand will permit.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E305 Practice for Establishing and Controlling Atomic Emission Spectrochemical Analytical Curves

    E406 Practice for Using Controlled Atmospheres in Spectrochemical Analysis

    E826 Practice for Testing Homogeneity of a Metal Lot or Batch in Solid Form by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry

    E1329 Practice for Verification and Use of Control Charts in Spectrochemical Analysis

    E1601 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method

    E1763 Guide for Interpretation and Use of Results from Interlaboratory Testing of Chemical Analysis Methods

    E1806 Practice for Sampling Steel and Iron for Determination of Chemical Composition

    E2972 Guide for Production, Testing, and Value Assignment of In-House Reference Materials for Metals, Ores, and Other Related Materials

    Other Documents

    MNL 7 Manual on Presentation of Data and Control Chart Analysis ASTM Manual Series, ASTM International, 8th Edition, 2010.

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11101713(Iron)

    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E1999-18

    Citation Format

    ASTM E1999-18, Standard Test Method for Analysis of Cast Iron by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2018, www.astm.org

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