ASTM E1911 - 19

    Standard Test Method for Measuring Surface Frictional Properties Using the Dynamic Friction Tester

    Active Standard ASTM E1911 | Developed by Subcommittee: E17.21

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.03


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method provides a measure of surface friction as a function of sliding speed, either in the field or in a laboratory.

    5.2 This test method can be used to determine the relative effects of various polishing techniques on materials or material combinations.

    5.3 The values measured in accordance with this method do not necessarily agree or directly correlate with those obtained utilizing other methods of determining friction properties or skid resistance.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the procedure for measuring surface frictional properties as a function of speed using the dynamic friction tester (DF tester).

    1.2 The DF tester consists of a horizontal spinning disk fitted with three spring-loaded rubber sliders which contact the surface as the disk rotational speed decreases due to the friction generated between the sliders and the surface. A water supply unit delivers water to the surface being tested. The torque generated by the slider forces measured during the spin-down is then used to calculate the friction as a function of speed.

    1.3 The DF tester can be used for laboratory investigations and in the field on in-situ surfaces.

    1.4 The values stated in SI (metric) units are to be regarded as standard. The inch-pound equivalents are rationalized, rather than exact mathematical conversions.

    1.5 The Nippo Sangyo dynamic friction tester is covered by a patent. Interested parties are invited to submit information regarding the identification of an alternative(s) to this patented item to ASTM International Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical committee,1 which you may attend.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D2240 Test Method for Rubber PropertyDurometer Hardness

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E501 Specification for Standard Rib Tire for Pavement Skid-Resistance Tests

    E524 Specification for Standard Smooth Tire for Pavement Skid-Resistance Tests

    E867 Terminology Relating to Vehicle-Pavement Systems

    E3145 Test Method for User-Level Calibration of Dynamic Friction Tester (DF Tester)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.040.20 (Properties of surfaces); 93.080.20 (Road construction materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30120000(Roads and landscape); 41110000(Measuring and observing and testing instruments)


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/E1911-19

    Citation Format

    ASTM E1911-19, Standard Test Method for Measuring Surface Frictional Properties Using the Dynamic Friction Tester, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

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