ASTM E181 - 17

    Standard Test Methods for Detector Calibration and Analysis of Radionuclides

    Active Standard ASTM E181 | Developed by Subcommittee: E10.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 12.02


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    Abstract

    These methods cover general procedures for the calibration of radiation detectors and the analysis of radionuclides. For each individual radionuclide, one or more of these methods may apply. These methods are concerned only with specific radionuclide measurements. The chemical and physical properties of the radionuclides are beyond the scope of this standard. Among the measurement standards discussed are: the calibration and usage of germanium detectors, scintillation detector systems, scintillation detectors for simple and complex spectra, and counting methods such as beta particle counting, aluminum absorption curve, alpha particle counting, and liquid scintillation counting. For each of the methods, the scope, apparatus used, summary of methods, preparation of apparatus, calibration procedure, measurement of radionuclide, performance testing, sources of uncertainty, precautions and tests, and calculations are detailed.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover general procedures for the calibration of radiation detectors and the analysis of radionuclides. For each individual radionuclide, one or more of these methods may apply.

    1.2 These test methods are concerned only with specific radionuclide measurements. The chemical and physical properties of the radionuclides are not within the scope of this standard.

    1.3 The measurement standards appear in the following order:

     

     

    Sections

     

     

    Spectroscopy Methods:

     

     

     

     Calibration and Usage of Germa-

     

     

     

      nium Detectors

    3 – 12

     

     

    Calibration and Usage of Scintillation

     

     

     

      Detector Systems:

    13 – 20

     

     

    Calibration and Usage of Scintillation

     

     

     

      Detectors for Simple Spectra

    16

     

     

    Calibration and Usage of Scintillation

     

     

     

      Detectors for Complex Spectra

    17

     

     

    Counting Methods:

     

     

     

     Beta Particle Counting

    25-26

     

     

     Aluminum Absorption Curve

    27 – 31

     

     

     Alpha Particle Counting

    32 – 39

     

     

     Liquid Scintillation Counting

    40 – 48

     

    1.4 Additional information on the set-up, calibration and quality control for radiometric detectors and measurements is given in Guide C1402 and Practice D7282.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.7 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C1402 Guide for High-Resolution Gamma-Ray Spectrometry of Soil Samples

    D7282 Practice for Set-up, Calibration, and Quality Control of Instruments Used for Radioactivity Measurements

    D7283 Test Method for Alpha and Beta Activity in Water By Liquid Scintillation Counting

    E170 Terminology Relating to Radiation Measurements and Dosimetry


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.240 (Radiation measurements)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 41111929(Radiation detectors)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E0181-17

    Citation Format

    ASTM E181-17, Standard Test Methods for Detector Calibration and Analysis of Radionuclides, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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