ASTM E1783 / E1783M - 96(2017)

    Standard Specification for Preformed Architectural Strip Seals for Buildings and Parking Structures

    Active Standard ASTM E1783 / E1783M | Developed by Subcommittee: E06.21

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.11


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    Abstract

    This specification covers the physical requirements and movement capabilities of preformed architectural strip seals for use in sealing expansion joints in buildings and parking structures. However, this specification does not provide information on the durability of the architectural strip seals under actual service conditions, loading capability of the system, and the effects of a load on the functional parameters. Material covered by this specification consists of architectural strip seals extruded as a membrane or tubular, with frames, with flanges mechanically or chemically secured, used in interior or exterior application, and used in any construction of the building. The architectural strip seal shall be manufactured from a fully cured elastomeric alloy as a preformed extrusion free of defects such as holes and air bubbles, and with dimensions conforming to the requirements specified. Tests for tensile strength, elongation at break, hardness, ozone resistance, compression set, heat aging, tear resistance, brittleness temperature, and water absorption shall be performed and shall conform to the requirements specified.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    Significance and Use

    9.1 Architectural strip seals included in this specification shall be those:

    9.1.1 Extruded as a membrane,

    9.1.2 Extruded as tubular,

    9.1.3 With frames,

    9.1.4 With flanges mechanically secured,

    9.1.5 With flanges chemically secured,

    9.1.6 Used in interior or exterior applications, and

    9.1.7 Used in any construction of the building.

    9.2 This specification will give users, producers, building officials, code authorities, and others a basis for verifying material and performance characteristics of representative specimens under common test conditions. This specification will produce data on the following:

    9.2.1 The physical properties of the fully cured elastomeric alloy, and

    9.2.2 The movement capability in relation to the nominal joint width as defined under Test Method E1399/E1399M.

    9.3 This specification compares similar architectural strip seals but is not intended to reflect the system's application. “Similar” refers to the same type of architectural strip seal within the same subsection under 9.1.

    9.4 This specification does not provide information on the following:

    9.4.1 Durability of the architectural strip seal under actual service conditions, including the effects of cycled temperature on the strip seal;

    9.4.2 Loading capability of the system and the effects of a load on the functional parameters established by this specification;

    9.4.3 Shear and rotational movements of the specimen;

    9.4.4 Any other attributes of the specimen, such as fire resistance, wear resistance, chemical resistance, air infiltration, watertightness, and so forth; and

    Note 3: This specification addresses fully cured elastomeric alloys. Test Methods D395, D573, D1052, and D1149 are tests better suited for evaluating thermoset materials.

    9.4.5 Testing or compatibility of substrates.

    9.5 This specification is intended to be used as only one element in the selection of an architectural strip seal for a particular application. It is not intended as an independent pass or fail acceptance procedure. Other standards shall be used in conjunction with this specification to evaluate the importance of other service conditions such as durability, structural loading, and compatibility.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers the physical requirements for the fully cured elastomeric alloy and the movement capabilities of preformed architectural compression seals used for sealing expansion joints in buildings and parking structures. The preformed architectural strip seal is an elastomeric extrusion. This extrusion is either a membrane or tubular having an internal baffle system produced continuously and longitudinally throughout the material. These extrusions are secured in or over a joint by locking rails or an end dam nosing material. The architectural strip seal is compressed and expanded by this mechanical or chemical attachment.

    Note 1: Movement capability is defined in Test Method E1399/E1399M.

    1.2 This specification covers all colors of architectural strip seals.

    Note 2: The products described in this specification are manufactured from thermoplastic elastomers defined as “fully cured elastomeric alloys” in Test Method D5048.

    1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D395 Test Methods for Rubber PropertyCompression Set

    D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic ElastomersTension

    D471 Test Method for Rubber PropertyEffect of Liquids

    D518 Test Method for Rubber Deterioration--Surface Cracking

    D573 Test Method for RubberDeterioration in an Air Oven

    D624 Test Method for Tear Strength of Conventional Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers

    D746 Test Method for Brittleness Temperature of Plastics and Elastomers by Impact

    D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement

    D865 Test Method for Rubber--Deterioration by Heating in Air (Test Tube Enclosure)

    D1052 Test Method for Measuring Rubber Deterioration--Cut Growth Using Ross Flexing Apparatus

    D1149 Test Methods for Rubber DeteriorationCracking in an Ozone Controlled Environment

    D2000 Classification System for Rubber Products in Automotive Applications

    D2240 Test Method for Rubber PropertyDurometer Hardness

    D3183 Practice for RubberPreparation of Pieces for Test Purposes from Products

    D5048 Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics and Resistance to Burn-Through of Solid Plastics Using a 125-mm Flame

    E577 Guide for Dimensional Coordination of Rectilinear Building Parts and Systems

    E631 Terminology of Building Constructions

    E1399/E1399M Test Method for Cyclic Movement and Measuring the Minimum and Maximum Joint Widths of Architectural Joint Systems


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.50 (Binders. Sealing materials); 93.080.20 (Road construction materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31410000(Seals)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E1783_E1783M-96R17

    Citation Format

    ASTM E1783 / E1783M-96(2017), Standard Specification for Preformed Architectural Strip Seals for Buildings and Parking Structures, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2017, www.astm.org

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